Legislation and Smoking PreventionLatif E. · Warner V.
The International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Edinburgh, UK
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Legislation has been at the forefront of public health since Victorian times. With the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), the WHO established that legislation is the most powerful means of combating the tobacco epidemic. In this chapter, we explore why legislation is necessary and effective for reducing tobacco consumption and the premature deaths it causes. We assess the uptake and efficacy of tobacco legislation across the globe, reviewing the ‘MPOWER' measures of the WHO FCTC, outlining bold initiatives currently employed by governments and examining the characteristics of successful tobacco control laws. We also explore the challenges involved in creating, implementing and sustaining strong tobacco control legislation, challenges mainly caused by tobacco industry interference. With this chapter, we aim to give the reader a comprehensive overview of tobacco control legislation and its potential impact on the future of the tobacco control epidemic.
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