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Longevity and Education: A Demographic Perspective

Jasilionis D.a, b · Shkolnikov V.M.a, c

Author affiliations

aMax Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany; bLithuanian Social Research Centre, Vilnius, Lithuania; cNew Economic School, Moscow, Russia

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Gerontology 2016;62:253-262

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Viewpoint

Received: April 17, 2015
Accepted: July 22, 2015
Published online: September 17, 2015
Issue release date: April 2016

Number of Print Pages: 10
Number of Figures: 3
Number of Tables: 1

ISSN: 0304-324X (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0003 (Online)

For additional information: https://www.karger.com/GER

Abstract

In the second half of the 20th century, the advances in human longevity observed have been accompanied by an increase in the disparities between countries and regions. Education is one of the strongest predictors of life expectancy. Studies have shown that both relative and absolute mortality differences by education within countries have been increasing, even in the most developed and egalitarian countries. It is possible to assume that groups of highly educated people who systematically display life expectancy levels which are higher than the observed best practice (record) life expectancy at the national level are vanguards who are leading the way toward a lengthening of life for the remaining population groups. This evidence based on population-level statistics and exploring an important single factor could inspire further discussion about the possibilities for extending human length of life at the national level. However, more comprehensive and reliable data covering a larger number of countries and more covariates are needed for understanding health effects of education and prospects of human longevity.

© 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel


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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Viewpoint

Received: April 17, 2015
Accepted: July 22, 2015
Published online: September 17, 2015
Issue release date: April 2016

Number of Print Pages: 10
Number of Figures: 3
Number of Tables: 1

ISSN: 0304-324X (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0003 (Online)

For additional information: https://www.karger.com/GER


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