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Original Paper

Fat-Soluble Vitamins in the Maternal Diet, Influence of Cod Liver Oil Supplementation and Impact of the Maternal Diet on Human Milk Composition

Olafsdottir A.S.a,b · Wagner K.-H.b · Thorsdottir I.a · Elmadfa I.b

Author affiliations

aUnit for Nutrition Research, Landspitali-University Hospital and Department of Food Science, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland; bInstitute of Nutritional Sciences, University of Vienna, Austria

Related Articles for ""

Ann Nutr Metab 2001;45:265–272

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Published online: December 24, 2001
Issue release date: November – December

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 3

ISSN: 0250-6807 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9697 (Online)

For additional information: https://www.karger.com/ANM

Abstract

Background/Aims: To investigate lactating mothers’ intake of fat-soluble vitamins in free-living subjects and to what extent cod liver oil supplementation influences the maternal intake in a population with common intake of cod liver oil. The impact of maternal diet on the concentration of fat-soluble vitamins in human milk was studied. Methods: Dietary intake of 77 lactating women was investigated by 24-hour diet recalls and breast-milk samples were taken at the same occasions. Breast milk samples were analyzed for fat-soluble vitamins. Results: The median intakes were 927 µg/day for vitamin A, 5.5 mg/day for vitamin E and 3.3 µg/day for vitamin D. Maternal vitamin A, E and D intakes were higher when the diet was supplemented with cod liver oil. Icelandic breast milk was found to have high contents of vitamin A and E. Only vitamin D was too low in breast milk to meet the recommended intake for infants. Retinylpalmitate in relation to lipids correlated with maternal vitamin A intake (r = 0.23, p < 0.05). The group with cod liver oil supplementation had significantly lower levels of γ-tocopherol in breast milk (p < 0.01), whereas the supplementation did not affect other fat-soluble vitamins. Conclusion: The recommended intake of fat-soluble vitamins for lactating women can more easily be met with a cod liver oil supplementation than diet alone. Only vitamin D in human milk cannot meet the recommended intakes for infants, with normal breastfeeding. There is a relationship between the content of vitamins A and E in human milk and the maternal diet.

© 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel


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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Published online: December 24, 2001
Issue release date: November – December

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 3

ISSN: 0250-6807 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9697 (Online)

For additional information: https://www.karger.com/ANM


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