Ethanol Consumption and Liver Mitochondria FunctionCunningham C.C. · Bailey S.M.
Department of Biochemistry, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, N.C., USA
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
The mitochondrion is the subcellular organelle affected earliest during the development of alcoholic liver disease. As a result of chronic ethanol consumption mitochondrial protein synthesis is decreased significantly due to a depression in the functioning of the mitochondrial ribosome. This causes a significant decrease in the concentrations of the thirteen mitochondria gene products, all of which are components of the oxidative phosphorylation system. Consequently, there is a depression in the rate at which ATP is synthesized in hepatic mitochondria. In addition to this loss in function, hepatic mitochondria either acutely or chronically exposed to ethanol generate increased levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS). This elevation in ROS has been demonstrated in both isolated mitochondria and hepatocytes. The increase in mitochondrial ROS production accompanying acute ethanol exposure is due to mitochondrial associated reoxidation of NADH produced during ethanol and acetaldehyde metabolism. The elevation in ROS generation observed in mitochondria from chronic ethanol consumers is likely due to decreases in mitochondrial-derived electron transport components, which in turn results in higher levels of the semiquinone forms of flavin mononucleotide and ubiquinone. Both these semiquinones readily donate electrons to molecular oxygen to form superoxide.
© 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.