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Research Report

Electronic Cigarettes in Germany: Patterns of Use and Perceived Health Improvement

Lehmann K.a · Kuhn S.a · Reimer J.a, b

Author affiliations

aDepartment of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Centre for Interdisciplinary Addiction Research of Hamburg University, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, and bHealth North, Centre for Psychosocial Medicine, Bremen, Germany

Related Articles for ""

Eur Addict Res 2017;23:136-147

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Research Report

Received: November 11, 2016
Accepted: April 22, 2017
Published online: June 16, 2017
Issue release date: July 2017

Number of Print Pages: 12
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 5

ISSN: 1022-6877 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9891 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/EAR

Abstract

Aims: The aim of the study was to characterize e-cigarette users in terms of their consumption patterns, motives, and the perceived health benefits they experience from using e-cigarettes. Design: The study was a cross-sectional online survey in 2015. A total of 3,320 German e-cigarette users were enrolled. A total of 91.5% were former tobacco smokers, 7.5% used both e-cigarettes and tobacco products, 1.0% were never-smokers. Results: No differences were found between ex-smokers and dual users with regard to sociodemographic and smoking history (mean age 40.8 years, 81% men, 45% with a high school degree or above). Both groups had smoked 26.4 tobacco cigarettes a day for 22 years, had unsuccessfully tried to quit smoking using various other nicotine replacement products, and had used e-cigarettes for an average of 2 years. Ex-smokers consumed lower nicotine strength and more liquid per month, experienced more positive health changes, and had made vaping their hobby. Never-smokers were about 5 years younger, used liquid without nicotine and without tobacco flavor, and had no physical dependency. Conclusions: E-cigarettes were primarily used as an alternative to smoking and a substitute for nicotine. More dual users than ex-smokers used e-cigarettes in places where smoking is forbidden. Positive health changes were more pronounced in ex-smokers than dual users.

© 2017 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Research Report

Received: November 11, 2016
Accepted: April 22, 2017
Published online: June 16, 2017
Issue release date: July 2017

Number of Print Pages: 12
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 5

ISSN: 1022-6877 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9891 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/EAR


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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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