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Original Paper

Sweet Taste Perception and Dental Caries in 13- to 15-Year-Olds: A Multicenter Cross-Sectional Study

Ashi H.a, c · Lara-Capi C.d · Campus G.d, e · Klingberg G.b · Lingström P.a, e

Author affiliations

aDepartment of Cariology, Institute of Odontology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, and bDepartment of Paediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Odontology, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden; cDepartment of Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; dDepartment of Surgery, Microsurgery and Medicine, School of Dentistry, University of Sassari, Sassari, and eWHO Collaborating Centre for Epidemiology and Preventive Dentistry, Milan, Italy

Related Articles for ""

Caries Res 2017;51:443-450

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: November 20, 2016
Accepted: April 27, 2017
Published online: July 25, 2017
Issue release date: August 2017

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 2
Number of Tables: 5

ISSN: 0008-6568 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-976X (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/CRE

Abstract

Dietary habits and, in particular, the intake frequency of sucrose are of major importance for the development of dental caries. The perception of sweet taste is believed to have an influence on sucrose intake and therefore affects the predisposition to dental caries. The aim was to study the caries experience and sweet taste perception and to further analyze the possible relationship between the 2 tested variables in 13- to 15-year-old children from 3 different geographical areas. A cross-sectional survey comprising 669 children (220 Italian, 224 Mexican, and 225 Saudi Arabian) was conducted. The children were examined in their school setting. A sweet taste perception level was determined by the sweet taste threshold (TT) and sweet taste preference (TP). The sweet test was performed with sucrose solutions varying in concentration from 1.63 to 821.52 g/L. The International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) and DMFS indices were used to diagnose caries. The highest mean value for TT was found for Italian children followed by Saudi and Mexican. Saudi schoolchildren showed the highest mean values for TP and DMFS, followed by Italian and Mexican. A statistically significant difference for TP, TT, DMFS, and initial caries was found between the 3 countries. A weak yet positive correlation was found between taste perception (TT and TP) versus DMFS and manifest caries in all 3 countries (r = 0.137-0.313). The findings of the present study showed a variation in sweet taste perception between the 3 countries, which may influence the caries outcome of the children in the individual countries.

© 2017 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: November 20, 2016
Accepted: April 27, 2017
Published online: July 25, 2017
Issue release date: August 2017

Number of Print Pages: 8
Number of Figures: 2
Number of Tables: 5

ISSN: 0008-6568 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-976X (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/CRE


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