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Original Paper

K-Cl Cotransport: Immunohistochemical and Ion Flux Studies in Human Embryonic Kidney (HEK293) Cells Transfected with Full-Length and C-Terminal-Domain-Truncated KCC1 cDNAs

Lauf P.K. · Zhang J. · Gagnon K.B.E. · Delpire E.* · Fyffe R.E.W. · Adragna N.C.

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Departments of Physiology and Biophysics, Anatomy, and Pharmacology and Toxicology, Wright State University School of Medicine, Dayton, OH and Anesthesiology*, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN

Related Articles for ""

Cell Physiol Biochem 2001;11:143–160

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Published online: June 01, 2001
Issue release date: 2001

Number of Print Pages: 18
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 1015-8987 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9778 (Online)

For additional information: https://www.karger.com/CPB

Abstract

Coupled K and Cl movements are mediated by several isoforms of the K-Cl cotransporter (COT) encoded by the KCC genes. The ubiquitous KCC1 isoform, important for cell volume and ion homeostasis, has 12 transmembrane domains (Tmds), and cytoplasmic N- and C-terminal domains (Ntd and Ctd). This study investigates the cellular localization of KCC1 by confocal microscopy, activation of K-Cl COT by various non-osmotic and osmotic interventions with net unidirectional K and Rb fluxes at 37°C, and the effect of Ctd deletion on K-Cl COT regulation. Human embryonic kidney (HEK293) cells were transfected with full-length (fl) rabbit (rb)KCC1 and – CtdKCC1 cDNAs obtained after truncation at nucleotide 2011. Normal cells exposed to polyclonal anti-Ctd antibodies against Ctd epitopes within a 77 amino acid sequence (a.a.943-1020) revealed granular membrane and cytoplasmic immunostaining, presumably endogenous KCC1. Additional diffuse membrane and cytoplasmic immunofluorescence in flKCC1-transfected cells was absent in -CtdKCC1-transfected cells. Monoclonal antibodies against a c-myc epitope at the protein Ntd showed both membrane and cytosolic fluoresence. Basal and N-ethylmaleimide (NEM)-stimulated Rb influxes through K-Cl COT, calculated as Cl-dependent Rb fluxes, were 2-3-fold higher in flKCC1-transfected than in normal cells. NEM stimulation of K-Cl COT was highest in flKCC1-transfected cells, significantly lower in stably and abrogated in transiently –CtdKCC1-transfected cells. Furosemide, calyculin and genistein inhibited basal and NEM-stimulated K-Cl COT in normal and transfected cells. Staurosporine and hydroxylamine were ineffective stimulators. No effect of pH₀ changes (6.3-8.4) was observed in basal or NEM-stimulated K-Cl COT, in both normal and transfected cells. However, inhibition by NEM occurred at pH₀ 8.4. Furthermore, in a Cl-independent manner, NEM lowered cell K content by >30% and hypotonicity (210-70mOsM) stimulated furosemide-sensitive Rb influx and K loss. Thus, in cultured normal and KCC1-transfected cells, K-Cl COT shows significant differences from erythrocytes, and NEM and cell swelling open furosemide-sensitive and Cl-independent K/Rb channels. Failure of K-Cl COT in cells transfected with Ctd-truncated KCC1 to respond to NEM suggests a role of the Ctd for signal transduction.

© 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Published online: June 01, 2001
Issue release date: 2001

Number of Print Pages: 18
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 1015-8987 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9778 (Online)

For additional information: https://www.karger.com/CPB


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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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