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Original Article

Open Access Gateway

Efficacy and Safety of Cathine (Nor-Pseudoephedrine) in the Treatment of Obesity: A Randomized Dose-Finding Study

Hauner Ha · Hastreiter L.a · Werdier D.b · Chen-Stute A.c · Scholze J.d · Blüher M.e

Author affiliations

aElse Kröner-Fresenius-Center for Nutritional Medicine, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany; bSAM GmbH, Aachen, Germany; cAdipositas-Zentrum Oberhausen, Oberhausen, Germany; dCentrum für Innere Medizin, Medizinische Polyklinik, Charité-Universitätsmedizin, Berlin, Germany; eDepartment of Medicine, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany

Corresponding Author

Prof. Dr. Hans Hauner

Else Kröner-Fresenius-Center for Nutritional Medicine

Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universität München, Uptown Munich, Campus D

Georg-Brauchle-Ring 62, 80992 Munich, Germany

hans.hauner@tum.de

Related Articles for ""

Obes Facts 2017;10:407-419

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Abstract

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of increasing doses of cathine (nor-pseudoephedrine) as a weight-lowering agent in patients with obesity. Methods: Overweight and obese patients (n = 241, mean BMI 34.6 ± 3.4 kg/m²) were randomly allocated to one of three doses of cathine (16 mg, 32 mg, 53.3 mg) or placebo in addition to a multimodal lifestyle intervention program in a multicenter, double-blind, controlled, dose-finding study for 24 weeks. Primary outcome was weight loss. Results: Treatment with the 3 doses of cathine resulted in a significantly greater weight loss compared to placebo over 24 weeks: 6.5 ± 4.2 kg for 16 mg cathine, 6.2 ± 4.7 kg for 32 mg cathine, and 9.1 ± 5.4 kg for 53.3 mg cathine versus 2.4 ± 4.4 kg for placebo (each p < 0.01, ANCOVA). The percentage of patients losing > 5% / >10% of initial body weight was significantly greater for all doses of cathine than for placebo (each p < 0.01, chi-square test). Heart rate increased dose-dependently (by 1.2 bpm under 16 mg, 5.8 bpm under 32 mg, and 6.2 bpm under 53.3 mg cathine), but no suspected unexpected serious adverse reactions were noted. The overall dropout rate was 24.9%, with the highest rate in the placebo group (42.3%). Conclusion: Cathine appears to be an effective weight-lowering agent for adjunct treatment of obesity, but additional clinical studies on its efficacy and safety are required.

© 2017 The Author(s) Published by S. Karger GmbH, Freiburg


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Article

Received: March 08, 2017
Accepted: June 07, 2017
Published online: September 06, 2017
Issue release date: August 2017

Number of Print Pages: 13
Number of Figures: 4
Number of Tables: 4

ISSN: 1662-4025 (Print)
eISSN: 1662-4033 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/OFA


Open Access License / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer

This article is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND). Usage and distribution for commercial purposes as well as any distribution of modified material requires written permission. Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug. Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.