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Original Paper

The Mechanism and Representation of Korean Three-Way Phonation Contrast: External Photoglottography, Intra-Oral Air Pressure, Airflow, and Acoustic Data

Kim H.a · Maeda S.b · Honda K.d · Crevier-Buchman L.c

Author affiliations

aDepartment of English, Hongik University, Seoul, Republic of Korea; bCNRS LTCI, Télécom Paristech, and cVoice and Speech Laboratory, Hôpital Européen Georges-Pompidou, Université Paris-Descartes, Paris, France; dSchool of Computer Science and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin, China

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Phonetica 2018;75:57-84

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: August 11, 2016
Accepted: July 18, 2017
Published online: December 05, 2017
Issue release date: Published online first

Number of Print Pages: 28
Number of Figures: 14
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 0031-8388 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0321 (Online)

For additional information: https://www.karger.com/PHO

Abstract

This paper aims to refine our understanding of the speech mechanism and laryngeal features involved in the Korean lenis (/p t k/), aspirated (/ph th kh/), and fortis (/p' t' k'/) plosives. For this purpose we made measurements using a new noninvasive technique called external lighting and sensing photoglottography (ePGG) as well as intra-oral air pressure (Pio) above the glottis, airflow, and acoustic data. From simultaneous recordings of the experimental data, we were ableto quantify the laryngeal-oral coordination of glottal opening and a consonant release, and the covariance of airflow peak and duration of aspiration with glottal opening. The phasing of glottal opening and the 3-way phonation contrast occurs in the order, from early to late, fortis, lenis < aspirated plosives, and the glottal opening peak ranges from low to high in the same order. We also found that a Pio peak, the durations of a high Pio plateau and an oral closure, and F0 are independent of the glottal opening mechanism, varying in the order lenis < aspirated and fortis plosives. From these findings, we propose that the 2 independent patterns are accounted for by the articulator-based features [±spread glottis] and [±tense], respectively.

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: August 11, 2016
Accepted: July 18, 2017
Published online: December 05, 2017
Issue release date: Published online first

Number of Print Pages: 28
Number of Figures: 14
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 0031-8388 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0321 (Online)

For additional information: https://www.karger.com/PHO


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