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Original Article

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Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Weight Gain in Children and Adults: A Systematic Review from 2013 to 2015 and a Comparison with Previous Studies

Luger M.a, b · Lafontan M.c · Bes-Rastrollo Md,e,f · Winzer E.a, b · Yumuk V.g · Farpour-Lambert N.h

Author affiliations

aSpecial Institute for Preventive Cardiology And Nutrition SIPCAN, Salzburg, Austria; bDepartment of Social and Preventive Medicine, Centre for Public Health, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria; cInserm/University Paul Sabatier UMR 1048, Institute of Metabolic and Cardiovascular Diseases, Hôpital Rangueil, Toulouse cedex, France; dDepartment of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Navarra, Pamplona, Spain; eCIBERobn, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain; fIdiSNA, Navarra's Health Research Institute, Pamplona, Spain; gDivision of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Diabetes, Istanbul University Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Istanbul, Turkey; hObesity Prevention and Care Program, Service of Therapeutic Education for Chronic Diseases, Department of Community Health, Primary Care and Emergency, University Hospital of Geneva and University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland

Corresponding Author

Maria Luger, PhD MSc

Special Institute for Preventive Cardiology and Nutrition SIPCAN

Rabenfleckweg 8

5061 Elsbethen/Salzburg, Austria

m.luger@sipcan.at

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Obes Facts 2017;10:674-693

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Abstract

Objective: Partly inconsistent findings from previous reviews have fueled discussions on the impact of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) on obesity development. The aim was to systematically review the recent evidence in children and adults. Methods: Data were retrieved from the databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane library for the period January 2013 to October 2015. A systematic review of prospective cohort studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) relating SSBs to weight measures was conducted. Results: 30 publications met the inclusion criteria. Prospective cohort studies (96%; n = 26) showed a positive association between consumption of SSBs and weight/BMI in adults and children (n = 242,352), and only one cohort study in children showed no association. Findings from three RCTs in children demonstrated that SSB consumption had an effect on BMI/BMI z-score. The one RCT in adults showed no significant effect of the intervention. 63% of the studies were of good, 30% of medium quality, and none was funded by industry. Conclusion: Recent evidence suggests that SSB consumption is positively associated with or has an effect on obesity indices in children and adults. By combining the already published evidence with the new one, we conclude that public health policies should aim to reduce the consumption of SSBs and encourage healthy alternatives such as water.

© 2017 The Author(s) Published by S. Karger GmbH, Freiburg


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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Article

Received: July 13, 2017
Accepted: October 19, 2017
Published online: December 14, 2017
Issue release date: Published online first

Number of Print Pages: 20
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 4

ISSN: 1662-4025 (Print)
eISSN: 1662-4033 (Online)

For additional information: https://www.karger.com/OFA


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