Early Behavioral Development in Autistic Children: The First 2 Years of Life through Home MoviesMaestro S.a · Muratori F.a · Barbieri F.a · Casella C.a · Cattaneo V.a · Cavallaro M.C.a · Cesari A.a · Milone A.a · Rizzo L.a · Viglione V.a · Stern D.D.b · Palacio-Espasa F.c
aScientific Institute Stella Maris, Division of Child Neuropsychiatry, University of Pisa, Italy; bCornell Medical Center, New York University, New York, N.Y., USA; cIUPG, Geneva, Switzerland
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Objective: The main aim of the research is to study the early behavioral development in autistic children through home movies. Methods: fifteen home movies, regarding the first 2 years of life of autistic children are compared with the home movies of 15 normal children. The films of the two groups were mixed and rated by blind ratings with the Grid for the Assessment of Normal Behavior in Infants and Toddlers. The grid is composed of 17 items grouped into three developmental areas: social competence, intersubjectivity and symbolic activity. For every area, we have identified specific children’s behaviors. Results: Significant differences between the two groups are found both in the range of age 0–6 for intersubjectivity, and in the ranges of age 6–12 and 18–24 for symbolic activity. Conclusions: The authors pose some hypotheses about an early-appearing impairment of intersubjectivity, the ability to represent other’s state of mind, in subjects with autistic disorder.
© 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel
Massie HN: The early natural history of childhood psychosis. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1975;14:683–707.
Massie HN: The early natural history of childhood psychosis: Ten cases studied by analysis of family home movies of infancies of the children. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1978;17:29–45.
- Massie HN: Blind ratings of mother-infant interaction in homse movies of prepsychotic and normal infants. Am J Psychiatry 1978;135:1371–1374.
- Rosenthal J, Massie H, Wulff K: A comparison of cognitive development in normal and psychotic children in the first two years of life form home movies. J Autism Dev Disord 1980;10:433–443.
Sauvage D: Autisme de nourisson et du jeune enfant. Paris, Masson, 1984.
Sauvage D, Hameury L, Adrien JL, Larmande C, Perrot A, Barthélémy C, Peyraud A: Signe d’autisme avant deux ans. Evaluation et signification. Ann Psychiatr 1987;2:338–350.
- Adrien JL, Ornitz E, Barthélémy C, Sauvage D, Lelord G: The presence or absence of certain behaviors associated with infantile autism in severely retarded autistic and non-autistic retarded children in very young children. J Autism Dev Disord 1987;17:407–416.
- Adrien JL, Faure M, Perrot A, Hameury L, Garreau B, Sauvage D: Autism and family home movies: preliminary findings. J Autism Dev Disord 1991;21:43–49.
Adrien JL, Perrot A, Sauvage D, Leddet I, Hameury L, Barthélémy C: Early symptoms in autism from family home movies. Evaluation and comparison between 1st and 2nd years of life using IBSE Scale. Acta Paedopsychiatr 1992;55:59–63.
- Adrien JL, Lenoir P, Martineau J, Perrot A, Hameury L, Larmande C, Sauvage D: Blind ratings of early symptoms of autism upon family home movies. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1993;32:617–626.
- Osterling J, Dawson G: Early recognition of children with autism: A study of birthday home videotapes. J Autism Dev Disord 1994;24:247–258.
Bernabei P, Camaioni L, Levi G: Lo sviluppo socio-comunicativo nei primi due anni di vita di bambini con autismo: Possibilità di una diagnosi precoce. Psicol Clin Sviluppo 1997;1:245–260.
Hollander E, Cartwright C, Wong C, DeCaria CM, Del Giudice-Asch G, Buchsbaum MS, Aronowitz BR: A dimensional approach to the autism spectrum. CNS Spectrum 1998;3:22–26.
- Baron Cohen S: Psychological markers in the detection of autism in infancy in a large population. Br J Psychiatry 1996;168:158–163.
- Charman T: Reliability of theory of mind task performance by individuals with a learning disability: A research note. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 1997;38:725–730.
- Sigman M: The Emanuel Miller Memorial Lecture 1997. Change and continuity in development of children with Autism. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 1998;39:817–827.
Stern DN: The Interpersonal World of the Infant. New York, Basic Books, 1985.
Schaffer HR: The Child’s Entry into a Social World. London, Academic Press, 1984.
Brazelton TB: The origins of the reciprocity, the early mother-infant interaction; in Lewis M, Rosenblum L (eds): The Effect of the Infant and Its Caregiver. New York, Wiley, 1987.
Stern DN: The representation of relational patterns: Developmental considerations; in Someroff AJ, Emde RN (eds): In Relationship Disturbances in Early Childhood: A Developmental Approach. New York, Basic Books, 1989.
Baron Cohen S: Mindblindness. Cambridge, MIT Press, 1995.
- Baron Cohen S, Allen J, Gillberg C: Can autism be detected, at 18 months? The Needle, the Haystack and the CHAT. Br J Psychiatry 1992;161:839–843.
- Camaioni L, Perucchini P, Muratori F, Milone A: A longitudinal study of the communicative gestures deficit in young children with autism. J Autism Dev Disord 1997;27:715–725.
Hobson RP: Autism and the Development of Mind. Hove, Erlbaum, 1993.
- Baron Cohen S, Leslie AM, Frith U: Does the autistic child have a ‘Theory of mind?’. Cognition 1985;21:37–46.
- Davies S, Bishop D, Manstead ASR, Tamtam D: Face perception in children with autism and Asperger’s syndrome. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 1994;35:1033–1057.
Threvarthen C: The concept and foundations of infant intersubjectivity; in Braten S (ed): Intersubjective Communication and Emotion in Early Ontogeny. Cambridge, University Press, 1998.
Frith U: Autism: Explaining the Enigma. Oxford, Blackwell, 1989.
- Mundy P, Sigman M, Ungerer J, Sherman T: Defining the social deficit in autism: The contribution of non-verbal communication measures. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 1986;27:657–669.
Bruner J, Sherwood V: Thought, language and intersection in infancy; in Call JD, Galenson E, Tyson RL (eds): Frontiers in Infant Psychiatry. New York, Basic Books, 1983.
- Maestro S, Casella C, Milone A, Muratori F, Palacio-Espasa F: The onset of autism through the study of home movies. Psychopathology 1999;32:292–300.
- Rogers S: An effective day treatment model for young children with pervasive developmental disorders. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 1989;28:207–214.
- Rogers S: Early intervention in autism. J Autism Dev Disord 1996;26:243–246.
- McEachlin J: Long-term outcome for children with autism who received early intensive treatment. Am J Ment Retard 1993;97:359–372.
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.