Switch-Over from Tolcapone to Entacapone in Severe Parkinson’s Disease PatientsOnofrj M. · Thomas A. · Iacono D. · Di Iorio A. · Bonanni L.
Department of Oncology and Neuroscience, Neurophysiopathology, University ‘G. D’Annunzio’, Pescara, Italy
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Forty patients affected by severe Parkinson’s disease (PD) were treated with tolcapone as an adjunctive therapy to L-DOPA, for 3–7 months, until this drug was discontinued because of side-effects (2 diarrhoea, one of them with orthostatic hypotension, 2 increments of liver enzymes) or because of mandatory indications of the European drugs authority. All patients, after 3–6 months of L-DOPA therapy adjustments, received entacapone for 3 months again followed by withdrawal. L-DOPA daily dosage was significantly reduced by tolcapone and entacapone (p = 0.01 and 0.05). ‘On’ time was increased by 15% during tolcapone treatment (p < 0.05), and by 8% during entacapone treatment. ‘Off’ time was decreased by 16% during tolcapone and by 7% during entacapone treatment. Entacapone was withdrawn in the same patient who experienced diarrhoea and orthostatic hypotension during tolcapone because of recurrence of side-effects, in 6 patients because of increment of dyskinesias (with hallucinations) and in 1 patients because of rhythmic, jerking myoclonus.
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