Nitric Oxide, Peroxynitrite and cGMP in Atherosclerosis-Induced Hypertension in Rabbits: Beneficial Effects of CicletanineSzilvássy Z.a · Csont T.b · Páli T.c · Droy-Lefaix M.-T.d · Ferdinandy P.b
aDepartment of Pharmacology, University of Debrecen, Debrecen, bCardiovascular Research Group, Department of Biochemistry, University of Szeged, cDepartment of Biophysics, Biological Research Center, Szeged, Hungary, and dIPSEN-Beaufour, Paris, France
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
We studied the effect of the furopyridine derivative antihypertensive drug, cicletanine, on blood pressure, vascular nitric oxide (NO) and cyclic guanosine 3′:5′-monophosphate (cGMP) content in the aorta and the renal and carotid arteries, aortic superoxide production, and serum nitrotyrosine level in hypertensive/atherosclerotic rabbits. The effect of cicletanine was compared to that of furosemide. Rabbits were fed a normal or a cholesterol-enriched (1.5%) diet over 8 weeks. On the 8th week, the rabbits were treated per os with 2 × 50 mg/kg daily doses of cicletanine, furosemide, or vehicle for 5 days (n = 5–6 in each groups). The cholesterol diet increased mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) from 86 ± 1 to 94 ± 2 mm Hg (p < 0.05). Cicletanine decreased MABP in atherosclerotic rabbits to 85 ± 1 mm Hg (p < 0.05), but it did not affect MABP in normal animals. Furosemide was without effect in both groups. In normal animals, NO content (assessed by electron spin resonance after in vivo spin trapping) in the aorta and the renal and carotid arteries was increased by cicletanine, and the drug increased cGMP in the renal artery as measured by radioimmunoassay. The cholesterol-enriched diet decreased both vascular NO and cGMP and increased aortic superoxide production assessed by lucigenin-enhanced chemiluminescence and serum nitrotyrosine determined by ELISA. In atherosclerotic animals, cicletanine increased NO and cGMP content in the aorta and the renal and carotid arteries and decreased aortic superoxide production and serum nitrotyrosine. Furosemide did not influence these parameters. We conclude that cicletanine lowers blood pressure in hypertensive/atherosclerotic rabbits. The antihypertensive effect of the drug in atherosclerosis may be based on its beneficial effects on the vascular NO-cGMP system and on the formation of reactive oxygen species.
© 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.