Differential Effects of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor-C and Placental Growth Factor-1 on the Hydraulic Conductivity of Frog Mesenteric CapillariesHillman N.J.a · Whittles C.E.b · Pocock T.M.b · Williams B.a · Bates D.O.b
aCardiovascular Research Institute, University of Leicester, Leicester, bDepartment of Physiology, University of Bristol, Bristol, UK
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGFs) are known to increase vascular permeability. VEGF-A acts on two receptor tyrosine kinases, VEGF receptor-1 (VEGF-R1 or flt-1) and VEGF receptor-2 (VEGF-R2, flk-1 or KDR). VEGF-C acts only on VEGF-R2 on vascular endothelial cells, whereas placental growth factor-1 (PlGF-1) acts only on VEGF-R1. The effects of perfusion of these receptor-specific proteins on hydraulic conductivity (Lp) was measured in frog mesenteric capillaries. The effect of PlGF on Lp was not conclusive, and overall fluid flux did not increase during that time. VEGF-C acutely and transiently increased Lp (4.5 ± 0.9-fold), which was more obvious in a subset of vessels, in a similar manner to that reported for VEGF-A. In the subset of vessels in which VEGF-C significantly increased Lp acutely, there was a sustained 12-fold increase in Lp 20 min after perfusion, but this was not seen in those vessels which did not respond acutely to VEGF-C, or in vessels exposed to PlGF-1. Lp was also increased 24 h after perfusion with VEGF-C, but not with PlGF-1. Western blot analysis showed that VEGF-R1 and VEGF-R2 are both present in frog tissue. These data show that the VEGFs that stimulate VEGF-R2 chronically increase Lp, but not those that stimulate VEGF-R1 only. This supports the hypothesis that chronic increases in microvascular permeability induced by VEGF are mediated via activation of VEGF-R2 rather than VEGF-R1.
© 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.