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Pharmacology and Treatment

Efficacy and Safety of Intralesional 5-Fluorouracil in the Treatment of Keloids

Gupta S. · Kalra A.

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Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

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Dermatology 2002;204:130–132

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Pharmacology and Treatment

Published online: April 27, 2002
Issue release date: 2002

Number of Print Pages: 3
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 1018-8665 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9832 (Online)

For additional information: https://www.karger.com/DRM

Abstract

Background: The treatment of keloids remains challenging. Cryosurgery and intralesional corticosteroids have been considered as the mainstream of therapy; however, the long-term use of corticosteroids has been found to be associated with serious side effects. Intralesional 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) has only been used in one study for the treatment of hypertrophic scars and keloids, mostly in combination with other treatments. The efficacy of 5-FU as an individual therapeutic agent is unknown. Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of intralesional injections of 5-FU in the treatment of small keloid lesions. Methods: Twenty-four (12 male, 12 female) consecutive patients with keloids of 6 cm or less in their maximum dimension were treated with intralesional injections of 50–150 mg 5-FU per week for a maximum of 16 injections. Results: One third (8/24, 33.3%) of the patients showed more than 75% flattening of the keloid. Three out of 8 patients (with >75% flattening) required less than 16 (13, 13 and 15) injections for achieving the desired response. Overall, about half of the patients showed more than 50% flattening of the treated keloid. A correlation with the duration of keloid was found. Six (54.5%) out of 11 patients with keloids of ≤5 years duration, in contrast to only 2 (15.4%) out of 13 patients with keloids of >5 years duration showed more than 75% flattening (p < 0.05). Side effects included pain (all patients), hyperpigmentation (all patients) and ulceration (1 patient). No difference in peripheral blood count was noted before, during and after the therapy. Conclusion: Intralesional 5-FU can be safely used for the management of small keloids of shorter duration.

© 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel


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    External Resources
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    External Resources

Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Pharmacology and Treatment

Published online: April 27, 2002
Issue release date: 2002

Number of Print Pages: 3
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 1018-8665 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9832 (Online)

For additional information: https://www.karger.com/DRM


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Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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