Identification of Allergen Fractions of Wheat Flour Responsible for Anaphylactic Reactions to Wheat Products in Infants and Young ChildrenTakizawa T. · Arakawa H. · Tokuyama K. · Morikawa A.
Department of Pediatrics, Gunma University School of Medicine, Maebashi, Gunma, Japan
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Wheat is a food allergen which occasionally causes anaphylactic reactions exclusively in young children. There is very little knowledge of the clinical outcome in cases of food-related anaphylaxis and the differences in the allergenic protein components of food involved, comparing individuals who have suffered from an anaphylactic reaction with other individuals. The objectives of the present study were to examine the clinical features of 7 young children who had experienced anaphylactic reactions after ingesting wheat flour-containing products, and to analyze the allergens in wheat flour responsible for the anaphylactic symptoms. We measured the total IgE levels and the levels of IgE antibodies specific to wheat flour and performed IgE immunoblotting, comparing the sera from these children with sera from patients with atopic dermatitis. All sera from children who had experienced anaphylactic reactions were found to be positive for IgE specific to wheat. IgE immunoblotting revealed that 3 of these 7 children had sera showing reactivity to components of the salt-soluble protein fraction (16, 35–67 and 94 kD) and salt-insoluble protein-containing fraction (16, 38 and 70 kD) and 4 had no sera showing reactivity to components of the salt-soluble fraction. Patients with atopic dermatitis showed similar staining patterns. Various proteins in wheat flour could be allergens responsible for anaphylaxis and atopic dermatitis in infants or young children. Our findings suggest that these two clinically diverse allergic diseases do not necessarily represent responses to different allergenic proteins of wheat.
© 2001 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.