Clinical and Laboratory Investigations
Use of Sunscreens in Families Living in SwitzerlandBerret J. · Liardet S. · Scaletta C. · Panizzon R. · Hohlfeld P. · Applegate L.A.
Laboratory of Oxidative Stress and Aging, University Hospital, CHUV, Lausanne, Switzerland
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Background: The hazards due to sun exposure are well known. Many recent studies have emphasized the protection against the harmful effects of the sun by the use of sunscreens and, moreover, by staying in the shade and wearing long-sleeved shirts, hats and sunglasses. Switzerland has one of the highest rates of skin cancer induction in Europe and the incidence of melanoma in Switzerland is constantly increasing with an incidence of 10–12/100,000 inhabitants/year. Interestingly, some studies have evoked the possibility that sunscreen use can increase the risk of melanoma by increasing overall sun exposure. Objective and Methods: In this context, the aim of our study was to estimate the amount of sun exposure of children, and their parents, living in Switzerland and to give a description of how they protect themselves against sun irradiation. Questionnaires were provided to pediatricians in every state (canton) in Switzerland and were given to families coming for consultation. Results: A total of 328 forms including 1,285 individuals were returned from most of the cantons in Switzerland. The majority of the Swiss families had 2 children under 16 years of age with middle-aged parents (30–45 years) and a central European skin type (light skin of type II–III, brown or blue eyes, and brown to blond hair). An important sun exposure was noted even though the population seems to be conscious of the associated dangers. Sunscreens were the first-line defense against sun exposure with clothing and shielding oneself from the sun not being highly used. Moreover, sunscreens tended to be misused with most people applying them at the beach or swimming pool (instead of 15 min before exposure) and few applications throughout the day. Conclusions: Prevention should imperatively be emphasized for lower overall sun exposure as sunscreens are primarily used at the beach and not in routine daily exposure. In addition, it is agreed that prevention campaigns would be better directed towards children because up to 80% of detrimental sun exposure occurs during childhood.
© 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.