Techniques for Clinical Evaluation of Bone Mass, Strength and Turnover
Critical Ages and Stages of Puberty in the Accumulation of Spinal and Femoral Bone Mass: The Validity of Bone Mass MeasurementsBaroncelli G.I. · Saggese G.
Endocrine Unit, Division of Pediatrics, Department of Reproductive Medicine and Pediatrics, University of Pisa, Pisa, Italy
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
In growing children, lumbar and femoral areal bone mineral density (aBMD), as measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), is influenced by skeletal growth and bone size. Correction of lumbar bone mineral density (BMD) for bone volume (volumetric BMD [vBMD]), by the use of mathematical extrapolations, reduces the confounding effect of bone size, but vBMD remains dependent on age and bone size during growth. Femoral (neck and mid-shaft) vBMD, assessed by DXA, is independent of age prior to puberty, but a slight increase occurs in late puberty and after menarche. Femoral (mid-shaft) cortical bone density and radial cortical and trabecular bone densities, assessed by quantitative computed tomography (QCT), show no peak during childhood or adolescence. Bone strength index, calculated by peripheral QCT, increases with age and correlates with handgrip strength, bone cross-sectional area and cortical area. Puberty is one of the main factors that influences lumbar bone mineral content and aBMD accumulation, but a high incidence of fractures occurs during this period of life, which may be associated with a reduced aBMD.
© 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.