Weaning from Mechanical Ventilation by Long-Term Nasal Positive Pressure Ventilation in Two Patients with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Associated with Pneumococcal SepsisWindisch W. · Storre J.H. · Matthys H. · Sorichter S. · Virchow Jr. J.C.
Department of Pneumology, University Medical Clinic Freiburg, Germany
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Only few data concerning weaning by nasal positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) are available, and successful weaning by using NPPV in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and severe complications has not yet been described. Two cases with ARDS and both preexisting thoracopulmonary disease (infundibulum abnormality and suspected COPD) and associated complications (recurrent sepsis, acute renal failure, need for lobectomy, severe malnutrition) could not be weaned by invasive ventilatory techniques. Both patients presented with rapid shallow breathing and PaCO2 values >60 mm Hg during intermittent trials of spontaneous breathing, although the primary pathology and associated complications had been resolved. Patients were successfully adapted on NPPV in a stepwise approach after 93 days and 67 days of invasive ventilation. In one patient withdrawal from NPPV was possible after 2 months. In the other patient the duration of daily ventilation could be significantly reduced from 18 to 6 h/day after 9 months on NPPV. Therefore, patients with ARDS who cannot be weaned by invasive ventilatory strategies might be removed successfully from invasive mechanical ventilation by using NPPV even when there are preexisting thoracopulmonary disease and major complications during invasive ventilation.
© 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.