Evolving Adaptations and Annotations of the International Classification
Classification Systems for Psychiatric Diseases Currently Used in JapanNakane Y. · Nakane H.
Division of Neuropsychiatry, Department of Neurosensory Medicine, Nagasaki University School of Medicine, Nagasaki, Japan
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
A research survey was conducted to find out which diagnostic classification systems were commonly used in university hospitals in Japan. By using a questionnaire, we collected data to determine which diagnostic classification systems and diagnostic criteria were being used to identify schizophrenia, affective (mood) disorders, and neurosis. The results indicated that most university hospitals used either the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) of the WHO or the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) of the American Psychiatric Association. For research of academic presentations, more than 60% of the surveyed institutions used DSM. In clinical settings, however, ICD and DSM were used with similar frequencies (42–43%). It was also noted that 15% of institutions still use a traditional psychiatric diagnosis for schizophrenia and mood disorders. This paper addresses historical aspects of the diagnosis and classification of mental illness in Japan.
© 2002 S. Karger AG, Basel
American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, ed 3. Washington, American Psychiatric Association, 1980 (Japanese version, 1982).
World Health Organization: The ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioural Disorders. Clinical Descriptions and Diagnostic Guidelines. Geneva, World Health Organization, 1992 (Japanese version, 1993).
Nakane Y, Okazaki Y: Manual of the ICD-10 Chapter V: Mental and Behavioral Disorders (in Japanese). Tokyo, Igaku-Shoin, 1994.
Iwadate T, Ushijima S, Ohno Y, Okagami K, Kim Y, Sakai T, Satsumi Y, Sato M, Someya T, Takagi S, Nakane Y, Moriyama K: Results of ‘questionnaire on the term and concept of schizophrenia’ committee on concept and terminology of psychiatric diseases. Sub-committee for re-labelling the term ‘schizophrenia’ in the Japanese society of psychiatry and neurology. Psychiatr Neurol Jap 1996;98:245–265.
Bleuler E: Dementia Praecox oder Gruppe der Schizophrenien. Leipzig, Deuticke, 1911.
Schneider K: Klinische Psychopathologie, ed 10. Stuttgart, Thieme, 1962.
American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Washington, American Psychiatric Association, 1952.
American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, ed 3 revised (DSM-III-R). Washington, American Psychiatric Association, 1987 (Japanese version, 1988).
American Psychiatric Association: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, ed 4 (DSM-IV). Washington, American Psychiatric Association, 1994 (Japanese version, 1996).
World Health Organization: Manual of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases, Injuries and Causes of Death, ed 6 revised. Geneva, World Health Organization, 1948.
World Health Organization: Manual of the Eighth Revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases, Injuries and Causes of Death (ICD-8). Geneva, World Health Organization, 1967 (Japanese version, 1969).
World Health Organization: Manual of the Ninth Revision of the International Statistical Classification of Diseases, Injuries and Causes of Death (ICD-9). Geneva, World Health Organization, 1978 (Japanese version, 1978).
Takahashi M, Takahashi S, Someya T: How much are DSM diagnoses accepted? Clin Psychiatry (Japan) 2001;43:831–839.
Kraepelin E: Psychiatrie. Ein Lehrbuch für Studierende und Aerzte, ed 6. Leipzig, Barth, 1899.
Nakane Y, Ohkubo Y, Takahashi R, Yamashita I, Nishizono M, Takahashi T: Field trials of the ICD-10 chapter on mental disorders in Japan; in Mezzich JE, Honda Y, Kastrup MC (eds): Psychiatric Diagnosis: A World Perspective. New York, Springer, 1994, pp 125–135.
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.