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Original Paper

Iodine Deficiency in Vegetarians and Vegans

Krajčovičová-Kudláčková M.a · Bučková K.b · Klimeš I.b · Šeboková E.b

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aInstitute of Preventive and Clinical Medicine and bInstitute of Experimental Endocrinology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovakia

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Ann Nutr Metab 2003;47:183–185

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: July 30, 2002
Accepted: October 25, 2002
Published online: May 16, 2003
Issue release date: September – October

Number of Print Pages: 3
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 3

ISSN: 0250-6807 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9697 (Online)

For additional information: https://www.karger.com/ANM

Abstract

Iodine content in food of plant origin is lower in comparison with that of animal origin due to a low iodine concentration in soil. Urinary iodine excretion was assessed in 15 vegans, 31 lacto- and lacto-ovovegetarians and 35 adults on a mixed diet. Iodine excretion was significantly lower in alternative nutrition groups – 172 µg/l in vegetarians and 78 µg/l in vegans compared to 216 µg/l in subjects on a mixed diet. One fourth of the vegetarians and 80% of the vegans suffer from iodine deficiency (iodine excretion value below 100 µg/l) compared to 9% in the persons on a mixed nutrition. The results show that under conditions of alternative nutrition, there is a higher prevalence of iodine deficiency, which might be a consequence of exclusive or prevailing consumption of food of plant origin, no intake of fish and other sea products, as well as reduced iodine intake in the form of sea salt.

© 2003 S. Karger AG, Basel


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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: July 30, 2002
Accepted: October 25, 2002
Published online: May 16, 2003
Issue release date: September – October

Number of Print Pages: 3
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 3

ISSN: 0250-6807 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9697 (Online)

For additional information: https://www.karger.com/ANM


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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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