Ifosfamide in Pediatric Solid TumorsCarli M. · Passone E. · Perilongo G. · Bisogno G.
Division of Haematology-Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital, Padova, Italy
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Phase II studies conducted in Europe and the USA on pediatric solid tumors have shown that ifosfamide, as a single agent, is an active drug against a variety of neoplasms – rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), some non-RMS soft tissue sarcomas, Wilms’ tumor, bone sarcomas and neuroblastoma. Furthermore, an increase in tumor response rate has been observed when ifosfamide has been used in combination with other drugs. The usual dose of ifosfamide varies from 1.8 to 3 g/m2/day for 2–5 days according to the different regimens. Some controversies still exist on the modality of drug administration and more precisely on the time of infusion, however in pediatric practice, short infusion (e.g. 3 h) is usually preferred because of the reduced neurotoxicity in comparison to lengthier administration (e.g. 24 h). Ifosfamide is currently included in the standard therapy of pediatric bone and soft tissue sarcomas. It is also used in a selected high-risk group of patients with Wilms’ tumor, neuroblastoma and germ cell tumors.
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