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Reviewed Article

Twinning in Tufted Capuchins (Cebus apella): Rate, Survivorship, and Weight Gain

Leighty K.A.a · Byrne G.b · Fragaszy D.M.a · Visalberghi E.c · Welker C.d · Lussier I.c

Author affiliations

aDepartment of Psychology, University of Georgia, Athens, Ga., bLaboratory ofComparative Ethology, NICHD, Poolesville, Md., USA; cInstitutio di Psicologia, CNR, Rome, Italy; dKassel University, Kassel, Germany; eLABS of Virginia,Hampton, S.C., USA

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Folia Primatol 2004;75:14–18

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Reviewed Article

Received: July 29, 2002
Accepted: April 27, 2003
Published online: January 15, 2004
Issue release date: January 2004

Number of Print Pages: 5
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 1

ISSN: 0015-5713 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9980 (Online)

For additional information: https://www.karger.com/FPR

Abstract

We calculated the rate of twinning across four captive collections of tufted capuchins (Cebus apella) to be 2.4%. This rate contrast with previous reports that twinning in tufted capuchins is rare. Additionally, we present data on the survival and weight gain of twins in this species as compared to singletons. Twins face their greatest risk of mortality on or before the first day of life, when 45% will die compared to 16% of singletons. After the first day of life, twins and singletons demonstrate comparable survival rates. This, in conjunction with the finding that at no time during the first year of life do twins and singletons differ significantly in their weights, suggests that twinning is a viable reproductive form for these animals, especially in the captive setting where nutritional demands are met.


References

  1. Eisenstein N, D’Amato MR (1973). Twinning in the New World monkey, Cebus apella. Journal of Mammology 53: 406–407.
  2. Geissmann T (1989). Multiple Births in Catarrhine Monkeys and Apes: A Review. Firenze, Editrice II Sedicesimo.
  3. Hayssen V, van Thienhoven A, van Thienhoven, A (1993). Asdell’s Patterns of Mammalian Reproduction: A Compendium of Species‐Specific Data. Ithaca, Cornell University Press.
  4. Mannu M, Ottoni EB (2000). Twinning in semi‐free‐ranging capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella). Neotropical Primates 8: 114–115.
  5. Manson JH (1999). Infant handling in wild Cebus capucinus: Testing bonds between females? Animal Behavior 57: 911–921.
  6. Nagle CA, Denari JH (1982). The reproductive biology of capuchin monkeys. International Zoo Yearbook 22: 143–149.
  7. Napier JR, Napier PH (1967). A Handbook of Living Primates: Morphology, Ecology and Behaviour of Nonhuman Primates. New York, Academic Press.
  8. O’Brien TG (1988). Parasitic nursing behavior in the wedge‐capped capuchin monkey (Cebus olivaceus). American Journal of Primatology 16: 341–344.
  9. Pereira ME (1993). Seasonal adjustment of growth rate and adult body weight in ringtailed lemurs. In Lemur Social Systems and Their Ecological Basis (Kappeler PM, Ganzhorn JU, eds.), pp 205–221. New York, Plenum Press.
  10. Pissinatti A, Coimbra‐Filho AF, Rylands AB, Nogueira Rubiao EC (1999). A twin birth in Cebus xanthosternos. Neotropical Primates 7: 21–24.
  11. Robinson JG, Janson CH (1986). Capuchins, squirrel monkeys and atelines: Socioecological convergence with Old World primates. In Primate Societies (Smuts BB, Cheney DL, Seyfarth RM, Wrangham RW, Struhsaker TT, eds.), pp. 69–82. Chicago, University of Chicago Press.
  12. Rylands A, Schneider H, Langguth A, Mittermeier R, Groves C, Rodriguez‐Luna E (2000). An assessment of the diversity of New World primates. Neotropical Primates 8: 61–93.
  13. Stott K (1953). Twinning in hooded capuchins. Journal of Mammology 34: 385.
  14. Weaver AC (1999). The Role of Attachment in the Development of Reconciliation. Unpublished PhD thesis. Atlanta, Emory University.

Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Reviewed Article

Received: July 29, 2002
Accepted: April 27, 2003
Published online: January 15, 2004
Issue release date: January 2004

Number of Print Pages: 5
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 1

ISSN: 0015-5713 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9980 (Online)

For additional information: https://www.karger.com/FPR


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