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Prenatal Maternal Stress, Prenatal Fetal Movements and Perinatal Temperament Factors Influence Behavior and School Marks at the Age of 6 Years

Niederhofer H.a · Reiter A.b

Author affiliations

aOspedale Generale di Bolzano, Divisione di Pediatria, Servizio di Neuropsichiatria infantile e d’adolescenza, Bolzano, Italy; bUniversity of Salzburg, Salzburg, Austria

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Fetal Diagn Ther 2004;19:160–162

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Paper

Received: October 22, 2002
Accepted: March 03, 2003
Published online: February 13, 2004
Issue release date: March – April

Number of Print Pages: 3
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 3

ISSN: 1015-3837 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9964 (Online)

For additional information: https://www.karger.com/FDT

Abstract

Niederhofer showed in 1994 that maternal stress during pregnancy seemed to be associated with temperament in early childhood. This study examined the correlation between maternal stress during pregnancy in 227 women, ultrasound observation of intrauterine fetal movements, the child’s temperament in early childhood, and the child’s school marks at the age of 6 years. Our results show a significant correlation between prenatal maternal stress, perinatal temperament of the child and his/her school marks at the age of 6 years. Only intrauterine fetal movements were associated neither with stress during pregnancy nor with early personality.

© 2004 S. Karger AG, Basel


References

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Paper

Received: October 22, 2002
Accepted: March 03, 2003
Published online: February 13, 2004
Issue release date: March – April

Number of Print Pages: 3
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 3

ISSN: 1015-3837 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9964 (Online)

For additional information: https://www.karger.com/FDT


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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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