Antenatal Depression and Maternal-Fetal AttachmentHonjo S.a · Arai S.a · Kaneko H.a · Ujiie T.a · Murase S.a · Sechiyama H.b · Sasaki Y.b · Hatagaki C.b · Inagaki E.b · Usui M.b · Miwa K.b · Ishihara M.c · Hashimoto O.c · Nomura K.c · Itakura A.c · Inoko K.d
aNagoya University Center for Developmental Clinical Psychology and Psychiatry, bGraduate School of Education and Human Development, Nagoya University, cDepartment of Medicine in Growth and Aging, Nagoya University, Graduate School of Medicine, Nagoya, and dTokyo Institute of Mental Health, Tokyo, Japan
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Background: In recent years, attention has been turned to maternal mental health in relation to the mother-child relationship accompanying a widening in focus, i.e. taking into account not only the puerperium, but also the stage of pregnancy. This applies to studies that have revealed a connection between depression and maternal attachment in the postpartum period and late pregnancy. This study, however, was designed to evaluate the maternal-fetal relationship in the first and second trimesters, being the first one to address this issue in these early stages. Sampling and Methods: Zung’s Self-Rating Depression Scale (ZSDS), the original Antenatal Maternal Attachment Scale (AMAS), and a questionnaire addressing peripheral factors were given to 216 pregnant women (3–6 months of gestation) who visited the Nagoya University Hospital between September 1998 and June 2001. Results: Contrary to reports on the latter stages of pregnancy, no direct association was observed between depression in mothers and maternal-fetal attachment before fetal movement was perceived. Conclusion: However, education, form of employment, planning of pregnancy, and premenstrual mood changes were found to be associated with the ZSDS score (mean: 41.9), while form of employment, feelings regarding pregnancy, and sources of support were extracted as factors associated with the AMAS, which are of interest in terms of the subsequent association between depression and maternal-fetal attachment in the peri- and postnatal periods.
© 2003 S. Karger AG, Basel
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