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Original Paper

Percutaneous Therapy of Varicocele: Effects on Semen Parameters in Young Adults

Polito Jr M.a · Muzzonigro G.a · Centini R.b · Candelari R.b · Antico E.b · Boscaro M.c · Mantero F.d · Ricciardo-Lamonica G.e · Balercia G.c

Author affiliations

Departments of aUrology, bRadiology and Diagnostic Imaging, and cEndocrinology Division, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Ancona, Ancona; dEndocrinology Division, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Padua, Padua, and eDepartment of Economy, School of Economy, University of Ancona, Ancona, Italy

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Urol Int 2004;72:150–153

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: April 12, 2002
Accepted: May 05, 2003
Published online: February 19, 2004
Issue release date: February 2004

Number of Print Pages: 4
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 1

ISSN: 0042-1138 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0399 (Online)

For additional information: https://www.karger.com/UIN

Abstract

Background: In spite of many years of debate, the impact of varicocele on male infertility is still controversial since its pathogenetic role on the impairment of semen quality has never been fully demonstrated. Methods: In the present work, a series of 426 young adult males undergoing percutaneous treatment of varicocele were studied and semen parameters were evaluated at baseline and 12 months of follow-up. Results: A significant increase in sperm cell concentration and a decrease in immotile spermatozoa were found after varicocele repair, but we failed to detect any significant positive change in progressive motility as well in sperm morphology after treatment. Similar results were also obtained when semen parameters were correlated with the degree of varicocele. Conclusion: Since a spontaneous improvement in semen quality has been mathematically established as a model of regression toward the mean, we conclude that the correction of varicocele in young adults is not a major indication when semen alteration is the only clinical problem.

© 2004 S. Karger AG, Basel


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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: April 12, 2002
Accepted: May 05, 2003
Published online: February 19, 2004
Issue release date: February 2004

Number of Print Pages: 4
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 1

ISSN: 0042-1138 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0399 (Online)

For additional information: https://www.karger.com/UIN


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