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Medical Therapy and Prevention

Body Weight, Diet and Water Intake in Preventing Stone Disease

Meschi T. · Schianchi T. · Ridolo E. · Adorni G. · Allegri F. · Guerra A. · Novarini A. · Borghi L.

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Department of Clinical Sciences, University of Parma, Parma, Italy

Related Articles for ""

Urol Int 2004;72(suppl 1):29–33

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Medical Therapy and Prevention

Published online: May 12, 2004
Issue release date: May 2004

Number of Print Pages: 5
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 2

ISSN: 0042-1138 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0399 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/UIN

Abstract

Nutrition plays a major role in the pathogenesis of the most widespread forms of nephrolithiasis, i.e. calcium (calcium oxalate and phosphate) and uric acid stone disease. For this reason, dietary measures are the first level of intervention in primary prevention, as well as in secondary prevention of recurrences. An unbalanced diet or particular sensitivity to various foods in stone formers can lead to urinary alterations such as hypercalciuria, hyperoxaluria, hyperuricosuria, hypocitraturia and an excessively acid urinary pH. Over the course of time, these conditions contribute to the formation or recurrence of kidney stones, due to the effect they exert on the lithogenous salt profile. The fundamental aspects of the nutritional approach to the treatment of idiopathic nephrolithiasis are body weight, diet and water intake. This paper will present data resulting from our own investigations and the most significant evidence in literature.

© 2004 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Medical Therapy and Prevention

Published online: May 12, 2004
Issue release date: May 2004

Number of Print Pages: 5
Number of Figures: 1
Number of Tables: 2

ISSN: 0042-1138 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0399 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/UIN


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