Assessment of Hepatic Glucose Metabolism by Indirect Calorimetry in Combination with a Non-Invasive Technique Using Naturally Enriched 13C Glucose in Healthy Children and AdolescentsSelz R.a · Jornayvaz F.R.a · Tappy L.b · Woringer V.c · Theintz G.E.a
aEndocrinology and Diabetology Unit, Department of Pediatrics, University Hospital Center; bInstitute of Physiology, University of Lausanne Medical School, and cDepartment of Public Education, School Health Services, Lausanne, Switzerland
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Article / Publication Details
The metabolic fate of hepatic glucose can be best studied using invasive techniques such as tracer infusions and frequent blood sampling which have been revealed to be impractical in the pediatric age group. The aim of this study was to develop a non-invasive method based on indirect calorimetry and expired 13CO2 monitoring in order to gain insight into the mechanisms leading to impaired glucose tolerance in children and teenagers. As a first step, net glucose oxidation (NGO) and energy expenditure (EE) were measured in 47 subjects (range 7.5–17.3 years) of whom 18 were prepubertal (P1), 11 in early puberty (P2–P3) and 18 in late puberty (P4–P5) after 3-hourly loads of 180 mg/kg of oral maize glucose containing naturally enriched 13C. Isotope analysis allowed to calculate exogenous and endogenous glucose oxidation (EXGO, ENGO) and, hence, to derive TGS and NGS, that is glycogen turnover. NGO and EE decreased significantly with pubertal progression, reflecting higher metabolism at younger ages, whereas EXGO remained constant. TGS did not change significantly whereas NGS showed a significant negative correlation with pubertal progression: this can be explained by the fact that glycogenolysis exceeded glycogen synthesis in this experimental setting. This non-invasive method appears to be a promising tool to study the fate of hepatic glucose and therefore glycogen turnover in children at risk of developing glucose intolerance and/or type 2 diabetes.
© 2004 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.