Original Research Article
Subtle Memory Decline over 12 Months in Mild Cognitive ImpairmentMaruff P.a,d · Collie A.b,d · Darby D.b,d · Weaver-Cargin J.a · Masters C.c · Currie J.e
aMental Health Research Institute of Victoria, Carlton, bCentre for Neuroscience and cDepartment of Pathology, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, dCogState Ltd, Carlton, eDrug and Alcohol Service, Westmead Hospital, Sydney, Australia
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Objective: Screening of normal older persons for progressive memory decline is a worthwhile strategy in the pursuit of the earliest possible stages of pre-clinical Alzheimer’s disease (AD) or mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Reliable tests are needed to both detect MCI and measure the natural history of decline over months rather than years. We aimed to detect memory decline over 1 year in a group of older individuals with well-characterised amnestic MCI. Methods: The continuous learning task (CLT) from the CogState test battery was administered 8 times in 12 months to 15 individuals with MCI and 35 controls matched for age, education, IQ and gender. All subjects were recruited from an ongoing aging study. The rate of change in CLT performance over the year was compared between groups and also compared to that detected with a word list learning task and a computerised paired associate learning task. Results: At baseline, memory performance in the amnestic MCI group was significantly worse than controls on all memory tests. However, at 12 months the magnitude of the difference between the groups had increased significantly on the CLT due to decline in memory accuracy in the MCI group. No decline over 12 months was detectable on the routine memory tests. Conclusions: Subtle memory decline is detectable in amnestic MCI using reliable and sensitive tests of memory. Such measures may assist in the early identification of AD and also in trials of putative disease-modifying therapies to be conducted over as little as 12 months.
© 2004 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.