Classification of the Epilepsies: Time for a Change?
Everitt A.D. · Sander J.W.A.S.
A Critical Review of the International Classification of the Epilepsies and Epileptic Syndromes (ICEES) and Its Usefulness in Clinical Practice and Epidemiological Studies of Epilepsy
Epilepsy Research Group, Institute of Neurology, London, UK
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The Commission on Classification and Terminology of the International League against Epilepsy (ILAE) first devised a comprehensive classification for the epilepsies and epileptic syndromes nearly 30 years ago. Despite subsequent revisions, the classification remains too complicated to be of utility in clinical practice and epidemiological research. Recent developments in neuro-imaging and neurogenetics have also contributed to the limited usefulness of the current International Classification of the Epilepsies and Epileptic Syndromes (ICEES). This review examines the evolution, advantages, and notable disadvantages of the ICEES and assesses its previous application in several population-based studies of epilepsy. The important need for a new, simplified, and aetiologically orientated classification which is amenable to use outside of the tertiary epilepsy centre is discussed.
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