High-Dose Mycophenolate Mofetil in the Treatment of Posttransplant Glomerular Disease in the Allograft: A Case SeriesWu J.a · Jaar B.G.a · Briggs W.A.a · Choi M.J.a · Kraus E.S.a · Racusen L.C.b · Atta M.G.a · Samaniego M.D.a,b
Departments of aMedicine and bPathology, Johns Hopkins University, School of Medicine, Baltimore, Md., USA
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Background: Glomerular disease is an important cause of allograft loss. Treatment regimens for posttransplant glomerular disease are not well defined. Several reports have demonstrated that mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is effective in treating native kidney glomerular disease. The effects of MMF are dose related. Therefore, we hypothesized that high-dose MMF (3 g/day) would be effective in treating glomerular disease in the allograft, minimizing the need for intravenous steroids and/or cyclophosphamide. This case series describes the results of the use of high-dose MMF in 6 patients. Methods: High-dose MMF (3 g/day) was used to treat biopsy-proven glomerular disease (focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, proliferative lupus nephritis, and perinuclear antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies glomerulonephritis) in 6 renal transplant recipients. Patients were offered this treatment if they had failed or did not tolerate standard treatment regimens. Remission was defined by a decrease or stabilization of serum creatinine, decrease in proteinuria and, where applicable, improvement in immunological markers of disease. Results: All 6 patients had disease remission after starting MMF with the most common side effect being leukopenia, which responded to dose reduction. Conclusions: High-dose MMF may be an effective agent in treating glomerular disease in the allograft.
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