Journal of Biomedical Science
Mechanisms Involved in the Antiplatelet Activity of Ketamine in Human PlateletsChang Y.a,d · Chen T.L.b · Wu G.J.a · Hsiao G.c · Shen M.Y.d · Lin K.H.d · Chou D.S.c · Lin C.H.d · Sheu J.R.c,d
aDepartment of Anesthesiology, Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital, and Departments of bAnesthesiology and cPharmacology, and dGraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Article / Publication Details
The aim of this study was to systematically examine the inhibitory mechanisms of ketamine in platelet aggregation. In this study, ketamine concentration-dependently (100–350 µM) inhibited platelet aggregation both in washed human platelet suspensions and platelet-rich plasma stimulated by agonists. Ketamine inhibited phosphoinositide breakdown and intracellular Ca2+ mobilization in human platelets stimulated by collagen. Ketamine (200 and 350 µM) significantly inhibited thromboxane (Tx) A2 formation stimulated by collagen. Moreover, ketamine (200 and 350 µM) increased the fluorescence of platelet membranes tagged with diphenylhexatriene. Rapid phosphorylation of a platelet protein of Mr 47,000 (P47), a marker of protein kinase C activation, was triggered by phorbol-12,13-dibutyrate (100 nM). This phosphorylation was markedly inhibited by ketamine (350 µM). These results indicate that the antiplatelet activity of ketamine may be involved in the following pathways. Ketamine may change platelet membrane fluidity, with a resultant influence on activation of phospholipase C, and subsequent inhibition of phosphoinositide breakdown and phosphorylation of P47, thereby leading to inhibition of intracellular Ca2+ mobilization and TxA2 formation, ultimately resulting in inhibition of platelet aggregation.
© 2004 National Science Council, ROC and S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.