Development of Hepatocellular Carcinoma after Interferon Therapy in Chronic Hepatitis C
Izumi N. · Yasuhiro A. · Kurosaki M. · Onuki Y. · Nishimura Y. · Inoue K. · Ueda K. · Tsuchiya K. · Nakanishi H. · Uchihara M. · Miyake S.
Is It Possible to Reduce the Incidence by Ribanirin and IFN Combination Therapy?
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Musashino Red-Cross Hospital, Tokyo, Japan
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Objectives: Although the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has been shown to be reduced after interferon (IFN) monotherapy in chronic hepatitis C, the risk factors for the development of HCC have not been fully understood. The aim of this study is to investigate the risk factors for the development of HCC after IFN in chronic hepatitis C as well as whether the incidence of HCC will be reduced by ribavirin and IFN combination therapy or not. Methods: 495 patients with chronic hepatitis C and which received IFN monotherapy were followed and the incidence and risk factors for the development of HCC were examined. On the other hand, in the patients which received ribavirin and IFN combination therapy, the sustained response rate was assessed and the reduction rate of HCC development was predicted. Results: Multivariate analysis by the Cox proportional hazard model revealed that the risk factors for HCC development were age, male gender, severe fibrosis and outcome of IFN therapy. On ribavirin and IFN combination therapy, the sustained response rate reached 17.3% in genotype 1b and 74% in genotypes 2a and 2b infection, thus reducing 20% of the estimated incidence of HCC. Conclusion: To reduce the incidence of HCC in chronic hepatitis C, improvement of the sustained response rate is an essential issue, and ribavirin and IFN combination therapy shows to be promising.
© 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.