Epidemiology of Pediatric Sports Injuries
Team SportsEditor(s): Maffulli N. (Stoke on Trent)
Caine D.J. (Bellingham, Wash.)
Soccer InjuriesGiza E.a · Micheli L.b
aHarvard Combined Orthopaedic Surgery Program, Boston, Mass., and bDivision of Sports Medicine, Children’s Hospital, Boston, Mass., USA
Do you have an account?
Objective: This chapter reviews the existing epidemiological studies on pediatric soccer injuries and discusses possibilities for future research. Data Sources: A comprehensive, web-based search of existing soccer injury literature was performed with an emphasis on the pediatric population. The search encompassed all available studies, including European journals and texts, and initial investigations from the 1970s which serve as a basis of comparison to more recent work. Main Results: Youth soccer is a relatively safe sport with an injury incidence ranging from 2.3 per 1,000 practice hours to 14.8 per 1,000 game hours. Similar to adults, youth soccer injuries occur mostly in the lower extremities, specifically the knee and ankle. Contusions are the most common injury, and minor/moderate injuries predominate. Extrinsic risk factors for youth soccer include: dangerous play, play on small fields, and inclusion of youth players on adult teams. The most important intrinsic risk factor is the relation of knee injury and female gender. Conclusions: Adolescent females suffer a disproportionate number of knee and anterior cruciate ligament injuries compared to adolescent males, but recent injury prevention studies yielded encouraging results. Head injuries in youth soccer are low, and rarely, if ever, occur from head to ball contact. Adherence to the rules of the game, proper coaching, and adequate refereeing are important factors in youth soccer injury prevention.
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.