Leukotriene D4 Induces Production of Transforming Growth Factor-β1 by EosinophilsKato Y. · Fujisawa T. · Nishimori H. · Katsumata H. · Atsuta J. · Iguchi K. · Kamiya H.
Institute for Clinical Research, Mie National Hospital, Tsu, Japan
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Eosinophils may play an important role in the pathogenesis of airway remodeling in asthma through the production of various fibrogenic cytokines such as transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1). Cysteinyl leukotrienes are also suggested to be involved in remodeling with their potential to induce proliferation of airway smooth muscle cells. Since massive eosinophil infiltration and the release of cysteinyl leukotrienes in airway secretions are often seen in asthma, we hypothesized that cysteinyl leukotrienes may be involved in airway remodeling through induction of TGF-β1 from eosinophils. Peripheral blood eosinophils were cultured with leukotriene D4 (LTD4) and/or interleukin-5 (IL-5) or granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) for 16 h and gene expression of TGF-β1 was quantified with real-time PCR. A combination of LTD4 and IL-5 or LTD4 and GM-CSF synergistically induced TGF-β1 expression in eosinophils although stimulation with single factor, LTD4, IL-5 or GM-CSF did not induce the gene expression. LTD4 also induced significant gene expression in eosinophils cultured in an intercellular adhesion molecule-1-coated plate. The results suggested that CysLTs stimulate eosinophils to induce TGF-β1 production in allergic inflammation where IL-5 and GM-CSF are abundant and may be involved in the pathogenesis of airway remodeling.
© 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.