Original Research Article
Acquired Sociopathy and Frontotemporal DementiaMendez M.F.a, b · Chen A.K.b · Shapira J.S.a · Miller B.L.c
aDepartments of Neurology and Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, University of California at Los Angeles, bV.A. Greater Los Angeles Healthcare Center, Los Angeles, and cDepartment of Neurology, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, USA
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Background: It is not understood why some patients withfrontotemporal dementia (FTD) manifest sociopathic behavior. Objective: To examine the prevalence and characteristics of sociopathic behavior in FTD patients as compared to those with Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Methods and Participants: We surveyed a group of FTD patients and a group of AD patients for sociopathic behavior, evaluated the characteristics surrounding their acts, and compared the groups on neuropsychological tests and functional neuroimaging. Twenty-eight outpatients with FTD (15 men, 13 women; 61.9 ± 7.1 years; Mini-Mental State Examination score 23.6 ± 8.1) were compared with 28 patients with clinically probable AD (13 men, 15 women; 66.1 ± 9.2 years; Mini-Mental State Examination score 21.3 ± 5.3). Main outcome measures included: (a) the prevalence of sociopathic acts; (b) a structured interview; (c) neuropsychological tests including the Frontal Assessment Battery, and (d) clinically obtained positron emission tomography or single photon emission tomography scans. Results: Sixteen (57%) of the FTD patients had sociopathic behavior compared to two (7%) of the AD patients (χ2 = 13.84, p < 0.001). Sociopathic acts among FTD patients included unsolicited sexual acts, traffic violations, physical assaults, and other unacceptable behaviors. On interview, the FTD patients with sociopathic acts were aware of their behavior and knew that it was wrong but could not prevent themselves from acting impulsively. They claimed subsequent remorse, but they did not act on it or show concern for the consequences. Among FTD patients with sociopathy, neuropsychological assessment showed impaired motor inhibition, and functional neuroimaging showed right frontotemporal involvement. Conclusion: The results suggest that sociopathy in FTD results from a combination of diminished emotional concern for the consequences of their acts and disinhibition consequent to right frontotemporal dysfunction. In many jurisdictions, FTD patients with sociopathy would not pass legal criteria for ‘not guilty by reason of insanity’.
© 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.