Outcomes of a Non-Operative Caries Treatment Programme for Children and AdolescentsEkstrand K.R.a · Christiansen M.E.C.a, b
aDepartment of Cariology and Endodontics, Dental Faculty, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen and bPublic Dental Health Service, Municipality of Nexö, Nexö, Denmark
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This study assessed the effectiveness and performance of a non-operative caries treatment programme (NOCTP) used since 1987 in the municipality of Nexö in Denmark. The NOCTP emphasizes mechanical plaque control and considers the eruption period of molar teeth as a risk factor. The mean DMF-S among 18-year-olds in 1999 and 2000 in Nexö was 1.23 ± 2.26 and 1.25 ± 2.01 (medians 0); 55 and 56% had DMF-S = 0. The mean numbers of sealed surfaces were 4.6 ± 3.25 and 4.0 ± 3.22, respectively. The cost per child per year was marginally and significantly reduced in the years with the NOCTP compared to that before 1988 (p = 0.05). In 4 comparison municipalities with very low caries experience, mean DMF-S scores among 18-year-olds in 1999 were 2.73–3.25 (medians 1–2) and were significantly higher than in Nexö (p < 0.001). The NOCTP differed from the preventive programmes used in the comparison municipalities in the period 1988–1999 in emphasising care for the erupting molars, the use of a firm guideline and stated goals to be achieved, but with less emphasis on diet. The effectiveness and performance of the NOCTP were both considered high, as very low DMF-S and high %DMF-S = 0 had been achieved by 1999, and 18-year-olds in Nexö had significantly less caries than in the comparison municipalities. The latter difference could not be explained by difference in caries-related background variables.
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