Cerebrovascular Reactivity to L-Arginine in Patients with Lacunar InfarctionsPretnar-Oblak J.a · Zaletel M.a · Zvan B.a · Sabovic M.b · Pogacnik T.a
Departments of a Neurology and b Internal Medicine, Ljubljana Medical Centre, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Article / Publication Details
Background: It is well known that endothelial dysfunction plays an important role in the pathogenesis of many cardiovascular disorders. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that specific, marked endothelial dysfunction of cerebral arteries is present in patients with lacunar cerebral infarctions. Methods: Cerebrovascular reactivity to L-arginine, which reveals the function of the cerebral endothelium, was investigated in patients with lacunar infarctions (20 patients, 11 male and 9 female, aged 60.9 ± 7.3 years), 21 age- and gender-matched asymptomatic patients with similar cardiovascular risk factors (all patients had arterial hypertension) and 21 age- and gender-matched healthy controls. The mean arterial velocity (vm) in both middle cerebral arteries was measured by transcranial Doppler sonography during a 15-min baseline period, a 30-min intravenous infusion of L-arginine and a 15-min interval after L-arginine infusion. Arterial blood pressure, heart rate and CO2 were measured continuously. Results: The measured vm increase during L-arginine infusion in the patients with lacunar infarctions (13.4 ± 9.1%) was significantly lower compared to the healthy controls (20.5 ± 9.9%) but similar to that obtained in the patients with cardiovascular risk factors (11.5 ± 8.9%). Conclusions: Our results showed that cerebrovascular reactivity to L-arginine, which demonstrates cerebral endothelial function, is significantly impaired in patients with cardiovascular risk factors. Importantly, we found that patients with lacunar infarctions do not show any additional impairment of cerebral endothelial function.
© 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.