L-Arginine Supplementation Prevents the Development of Endothelial Dysfunction in HyperglycaemiaKabat A.a · Dhein S.b
aInstitute of Pharmacology, University of Halle, Faculty of Medicine, Halle, and bUniversity of Leipzig, Heart Centre Leipzig, Clinic for Cardiac Surgery, Leipzig, Germany
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Article / Publication Details
Diabetes mellitus leads to the development of endothelial dysfunction which finally contributes to diabetic angiopathy. We investigated the effects of hyperglycaemia on nitric oxide (NO) liberation and a possible influence of L-arginine supplementation. Porcine endothelial aortic cells (PAEC) were cultured in Medium 199 containing 0.33 mmol/l L-arginine. During the entire third culture passage (= 4 days) cells were either exposed to 5 or 20 mmol/l D-glucose with or without additional 3 mmol/l L-arginine. For osmotic control, cells were exposed to 15 mmol/l mannitol. NO liberation was measured under basal conditions and after stimulation with 1 mmol/l ATP using the spectrophotometrical methemoglobin assay. Cells released 35 ± 8 pmol NO/1 × 106 cells/10 min under basal conditions while hyperglycaemia led to a significant reduction in NO release to 16 ± 6 pmol/1 × 106 cells/10 min. In osmotic control, NO release was unchanged (37 ± 10 pmol/1 × 106 cells/10 min). Stimulation with 1 mmol/l ATP led to a significant increase in NO release to 103 ± 11 pmol/1 × 106 cells/10 min (normoglycaemia) which was unchanged in osmotic controls. Under normoglycaemic conditions, additional L-arginine supplementation did not influence NO release from PAEC. In hyperglycaemia (0.33 mmol/l L-arginine) ATP stimulated NO release was reduced (48 ± 8 pmol/1 × 106 cells/10 min, p < 0.05), which was completely prevented by 3 mmol/l L-arginine treatment (98 ± 15 pmol/ 1 × 106 cells/10 min). Hyperglycaemia (but not enhanced osmotic pressure) leads to endothelial dysfunction with reduced NO release which is completely prevented by L-arginine. L-Arginine utilisation may be impaired in hyperglycaemia and L-arginine supplementation might be an interesting additional therapeutic tool in diabetic patients.
© 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.