Login to MyKarger

New to MyKarger? Click here to sign up.



Login with Facebook

Forgot your password?

Authors, Editors, Reviewers

For Manuscript Submission, Check or Review Login please go to Submission Websites List.

Submission Websites List

Institutional Login
(Shibboleth or Open Athens)

For the academic login, please select your country in the dropdown list. You will be redirected to verify your credentials.

Original Article

Elimination of chromosomes in Hordeum vulgare × H. bulbosum crosses at mitosis and interphase involves micronucleus formation and progressive heterochromatinization

Gernand D.a · Rutten T.a · Pickering R.b · Houben A.a

Author affiliations

aInstitute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK), Gatersleben (Germany);aNew Zealand Institute for Crop & Food Research Limited, Christchurch (New Zealand)

Related Articles for ""

Cytogenet Genome Res 114:169–174 (2006)

Do you have an account?

Login Information





Contact Information












By signing up for MyKarger you will automatically participate in our year-End raffle.
If you Then Do Not wish To participate, please uncheck the following box.

Yes, I wish To participate In the year-End raffle And Get the chance To win some Of our most interesting books, And other attractive prizes.


I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.



Login Information





Contact Information












By signing up for MyKarger you will automatically participate in our year-End raffle.
If you Then Do Not wish To participate, please uncheck the following box.

Yes, I wish To participate In the year-End raffle And Get the chance To win some Of our most interesting books, And other attractive prizes.


I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.



To view the fulltext, please log in

To view the pdf, please log in

Buy

  • FullText & PDF
  • Unlimited re-access via MyKarger
  • Unrestricted printing, no saving restrictions for personal use
read more

CHF 38.00 *
EUR 35.00 *
USD 39.00 *

Select

KAB

Buy a Karger Article Bundle (KAB) and profit from a discount!

If you would like to redeem your KAB credit, please log in.


Save over 20% compared to the individual article price.
Learn more

Rent/Cloud

  • Rent for 48h to view
  • Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
  • Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
  • Printing and saving restrictions apply

Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00


Select

Subscribe

  • Access to all articles of the subscribed year(s) guaranteed for 5 years
  • Unlimited re-access via Subscriber Login or MyKarger
  • Unrestricted printing, no saving restrictions for personal use
read more

Subcription rates


Select

* The final prices may differ from the prices shown due to specifics of VAT rules.

Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Article

Published online: July 07, 2006
Issue release date: July 2006

Number of Print Pages: 6
Number of Figures: 4
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 1424-8581 (Print)
eISSN: 1424-859X (Online)

For additional information: https://www.karger.com/CGR

Abstract

Uniparental chromosome elimination occurs in several interspecific hybrids of plants. We studied the mechanism underlying selective elimination of the paternal chromosomes during the development of Hordeum vulgare × H. bulbosum hybrid embryos that is restricted to an early stage of development. In almost all embryos most of the H. bulbosum chromatin undergoes a fast rate of elimination within nine days after pollination. There are differences in the mitotic behaviour between the parental chromosomes, with H. bulbosum chromatids segregating asymmetrically at anaphase. We provide evidence for a chromosome elimination pathway that involves the formation of nuclear extrusions during interphase in addition to postmitotically formed micronuclei. The chromatin structure of nuclei and micronuclei differs and heterochromatinization and disintegration of the nuclear envelope of micronuclei are the final steps of chromosome elimination.

© 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel


References

  1. Bennett MD, Finch RA, Barclay IR: The time rate and mechanism of chromosome elimination in Hordeum hybrids. Chromosoma 54:175–200 (1976).
    External Resources
  2. Finch RA: Tissue-specific elimination of alternative whole parental genomes in one barley hybrid. Chromosoma 88:386–393 (1983).
  3. Finch RA, Bennett MD: The mechanism of somatic chromosome elimination in Hordeum, Kew Chromosome conference II, London, Brandham PE, Bennett MD (eds): pp 146–153 (Published by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew 1982).
  4. Ford JH, Correll AT: Chromosome errors at mitotic anaphase. Genome 35:702–705 (1992).
  5. Fukuyama T, Hosoya H: Genetic-control and mechanism of chromosome elimination in the hybrids between Hordeum bulbosum (4×) and Hordeumvulgare (4×). Jpn J Genet 58:241–250 (1983).
    External Resources
  6. Gernand D, Rutten T, Varshney A, Rubtsova M, Prodanovic S, Brüβ C, Kumlehn J, Matzk F, Houben A: Uniparental chromosome elimination at mitosis and interphase in wheat and pearl millet crosses involves micronucleus formation, progressive heterochromatinization and DNA fragmentation. Plant Cell 17:2431–2438 (2005).
  7. Heddle JA, Carrano AV: The DNA content of micronuclei induced in mouse bone marrow by gamma-irradiation: evidence that micronuclei arise from acentric chromosomal fragments. Mutat Res 44:63–69 (1977).
  8. Ho KM, Kasha KJ: Genetic control of chromosome elimination during haploid formation in barley. Genetics 81:263–275 (1975).
    External Resources
  9. Kao KN, Kasha KJ: Haploid from interspecific crosses with tetraploid barley. Barley Genet 2:82–87 (1969).
  10. Kasha KJ, Kao KN: High frequency haploid production in barley (Hordeumvulgare L.). Nature 225:874–875 (1970).
  11. Kim NS, Armstrong KC, Fedak G, Ho K, Park NI: A microsatellite sequence from the rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea) distinguishes between the centromeres of Hordeum vulgare and H. bulbosum in hybrid plants. Genome 45:165–174 (2002).
  12. Lange W: Crosses between Hordeum vulgare L. and H. bulbosum L. I. Production, morphology and meiosis of hybrids, haploids and dihaploids. Euphytica 20:14–29 (1971a).
    External Resources
  13. Lange W: Crosses between Hordeum vulgare L. and H. bulbosum L. II. Elimination of chromosomes in hybrid tissue. Euphytica 20:181–194 (1971b).
    External Resources
  14. Lange W, Jochemsen G: Karyotypes, nucleoli, and amphiplasty in hybrids between Hordeum vulgare L. and Hordeum bulbosum L. Genetica 46:217–233 (1976).
    External Resources
  15. Laurie DA, Bennett MD: The timing of chromosome elimination in hexaploid wheat × maize crosses. Genome 32:953–961 (1989).
  16. Ozkan H, Tuna M, Arumuganathan K: Non-additive changes in genome size during allopolyploidization in the wheat (Aegilops-Triticum) group. J Hered 94:260–264 (2003).
  17. Pickering RA: The influence of genotype and environment on chromosome elimination in crosses between Hordeum vulgare L. × Hordeum bulbosum L. Plant Sci Lett 34:153–164 (1984).
    External Resources
  18. Raina SN, Rani V: GISH technology in plant genome research. Methods Cell Sci 23:83–104 (2001).
  19. Schubert I, Oud JL: There is an upper limit of chromosome size for normal development of an organism. Cell 88:515–520 (1997).
  20. Shimizu N, Itoh N, Utiyama H, Wahl GM: Selective entrapment of extrachromosomally amplified DNA by nuclear budding and micronucleation during S phase. J Cell Biol 140:1307–1320 (1998).
  21. Subrahmanyam NC, Kasha KJ: Selective chromosomal elimination during haploid formation in barley following interspecific hybridization. Chromosoma 42:111–125 (1973).
    External Resources
  22. Szigat G, Pohler W: Hordeum bulbosum × H. vulgare hybrids and their backcrosses with cultivated barley. Cereal Res Commun 10:73–78 (1982).
  23. Tanaka T, Shimizu N: Induced detachment of acentric chromatin from mitotic chromosomes leads to their cytoplasmic localization at G(1) and the micronucleation by lamin reorganization at S phase. J Cell Sci 113:697–707 (2000).
  24. Thomas HM, Pickering RA: Chromosome elimination in Hordeum vulgare × Hordeum bulbosum hybrids. 1. Comparisons of stable and unstable amphidiploids. Theor Applied Genet 66:135–140 (1983).

Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Article

Published online: July 07, 2006
Issue release date: July 2006

Number of Print Pages: 6
Number of Figures: 4
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 1424-8581 (Print)
eISSN: 1424-859X (Online)

For additional information: https://www.karger.com/CGR


Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.