Fetal Head Biometry Assessed by Fetal Magnetic Resonance Imaging following in utero Myelomeningocele RepairDanzer E. · Johnson M.P. · Bebbington M. · Simon E.M. · Wilson R.D. · Bilaniuk L.T. · Sutton L.N. · Adzick N.S.
The Center for Fetal Diagnosis and Treatment, The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia and The University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pa., USA
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Article / Publication Details
Objective: To examine the impact of fetal myelomeningocele (MMC) repair on fetal head biometry and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) spaces assessed by magnetic resonance imaging (MR) studies. Study Design: Axial measurements of intracranial structures were taken at defined anatomical landmarks. Pre- and postnatal head biometry data and CSF spaces obtained from in utero repaired MMC fetuses (n = 22) were compared to the pre- and postnatal measurements of MMC patients that underwent standard neurosurgical MMC repair after birth (n = 16) and a cohort of age-matched control patients (prenatal, n = 52; postnatal, n = 9). Results: In fetuses with MMC, initial MR scans showed an almost complete absence of supratentorial and posterior fossa CSF spaces. No differences in postnatal CSF spaces were found between controls and prenatally repaired MMC newborns. In fetuses with postnatal MMC repair, CSF spaces remained significantly reduced (p < 0.0001). The mean ventricular diameter (VD) increase in the postnatal repaired MMC group was significantly higher compared to the mean percentage of VD increase in the fetal repaired MMC group (6.4 vs. 4.2 mm; p = 0.02). Pre- and postnatal brain thickness measurements were significantly reduced in both MMC populations compared to age-matched normal values (p < 0.0001). In contrast to postnatally repaired patients, in utero repair fetuses showed significant reversal of hindbrain herniation and normalization of the posterior fossa CSF spaces. Conclusion: Mid-gestational repair of MMC promotes normalization of extra-axial CSF spaces. Due to progressive ventriculomegaly, brain thickness remains decreased in both prenatal repaired and age-matched non-repaired MMC patients when compared to age-matched normal values. Restoration of CSF volume in the posterior fossa after in utero repair is indicative of reversal of hindbrain herniation.
© 2007 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher or, in the case of photocopying, direct payment of a specified fee to the Copyright Clearance Center.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.