Localization of Interleukin-1βP Converting Enzyme mRNA in Rat Brain Vasculature: Evidence that the Genes Encoding the Interleukin-1 System Are Constitutively Expressed in Brain Blood Vessels
Pathophysiological ImplicationsWong M. · Bongiorno P.B. · Gold P.W. · Licinio J.
Do you have an account?
- Rent for 48h to view
- Buy Cloud Access for unlimited viewing via different devices
- Synchronizing in the ReadCube Cloud
- Printing and saving restrictions apply
Rental: USD 8.50
Cloud: USD 20.00
Interleukin (IL)-1β-converting enzyme (ICE) cleaves the biologically inactive precursor form of IL-1β into mature, bioactive IL-1β. Because of the potent effects of IL-1 in blood vessels, we conducted an in situ hybridization study to determine whether ICE mRNA is constitutively expressed in adult rat brain vasculature. Using in situ hybridization histochemistry, we were able to demonstrate that mRNA in blood vessels scattered throughout the brain. In a second set experiments, we found that the genes encoding not only ICE, but also IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra), and the IL-1 type I receptor are expressed in brain vasculature. To our knowledge this is the first report documenting the expression of the genes encoding all of the functional elements of the IL-1 system in the same tissue. Our findings have three pathophysiological implications. First, they indicate a possible site where peripheral IL-1 may act in the brain. The vascular IL-1 system stimulates the production of nitric oxide and prostanoids, which could act as mediators of the effects of peripheral IL-1 in the central nervous system. Additionally, vascular IL-1 is known to activate adhesion molecules; our data that the genes encoding the IL-1 system are expressed in brain vasculature further support the concept that IL-1 is implicated in the pathophysiology of atherosclerosis and stroke. Finally, in the context of previous studies documenting that IL-1ra inhibits the effects of IL-1 on endothelial cells, our findings of endogenous IL-1ra mRNA in brain vasculature indicate that IL-1ra might be an endogenous vascular protective agent.
© 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel
Article / Publication Details
Copyright / Drug Dosage / DisclaimerCopyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.