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Original Paper

Dietary Supplementation with Chickpeas for at Least 5 Weeks Results in Small but Significant Reductions in Serum Total and Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterols in Adult Women and Men

Pittaway J.K.a · Ahuja K.D.K.a · Cehun M.b · Chronopoulos A.b · Robertson I.K.a · Nestel P.J.b · Ball M.J.a

Author affiliations

aSchool of Human Life Sciences, University of Tasmania, Launceston, Tas., and bBaker Heart Research Institute, Melbourne, Vic., Australia

Related Articles for ""

Ann Nutr Metab 2006;50:512–518

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Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: November 01, 2005
Accepted: June 06, 2006
Published online: February 07, 2007
Issue release date: February 2007

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 3

ISSN: 0250-6807 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9697 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/ANM

Abstract

Aim: To compare the effects of a chickpea-supplemented diet and those of a wheat-supplemented diet on human serum lipids and lipoproteins. Methods: Forty-seven free-living adults participated in a randomized crossover weight maintenance dietary intervention involving two dietary periods, chickpea-supplemented and wheat-supplemented diets, each of at least 5 weeks duration. Results: The serum total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels were significantly lower (both p < 0.01) by 3.9 and 4.6%, respectively, after the chickpea-supplemented diet as compared with the wheat-supplemented diet. Protein (0.9% of energy, p = 0.01) and monounsaturated fat (3.3% of total fat, p < 0.001) intakes were slightly but significantly lower and the carbohydrate intake significantly higher (1.7% of energy, p < 0.001) on the chickpea-supplemented diet as compared with the wheat-supplemented diet. Multivariate analyses suggested that the differences in serum lipids were mainly due to small differences in polyunsaturated fatty acid and dietary fibre contents between the two intervention diets. Conclusions: Inclusion of chickpeas in an intervention diet results in lower serum total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels as compared with a wheat-supplemented diet.

© 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel


Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Original Paper

Received: November 01, 2005
Accepted: June 06, 2006
Published online: February 07, 2007
Issue release date: February 2007

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 3

ISSN: 0250-6807 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9697 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/ANM


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