Login to MyKarger

New to MyKarger? Click here to sign up.

Login with Facebook

Forgot your password?

Authors, Editors, Reviewers

For Manuscript Submission, Check or Review Login please go to Submission Websites List.

Submission Websites List

Institutional Login
(Shibboleth or Open Athens)

For the academic login, please select your country in the dropdown list. You will be redirected to verify your credentials.

Intervirology 2000;43:185–190

A Vestigial X Open Reading Frame in Duck Hepatitis B Virus

Lin B. · Anderson D.A.

Author affiliations

Macfarlane Burnet Centre for Medical Research, Fairfield, Melbourne, Australia

Corresponding Author

Dr. David Anderson

Head, Hepatitis Research Unit, Macfarlane Burnet Centre for Medical Research

Yarra Bend Road, Fairfield, Vic. 3078 (Australia)

Tel. +61 3 9282 2239, Fax +61 3 9282 2100

E-Mail anderson@burnet.edu.au

Do you have an account?

Login Information

Contact Information

I have read the Karger Terms and Conditions and agree.


Duck hepatitis B virus (DHBV) appears to lack a homologue of the X protein found in mammalian hepadnaviruses. By replacing stop codons in the corresponding region of the DHBV genome, a hypothetical protein which closely matches the hydrophilicity profile of X proteins can be predicted, despite limited sequence homology. We conclude that a full-length X protein was once a common feature of the hepadnaviruses, conserved in structure but not sequence.

© 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel

Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Short Communication

Published online: October 23, 2000

Number of Print Pages: 6
Number of Figures: 5
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 0300-5526 (Print)
eISSN: 1423-0100 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/INT

Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer

Copyright: All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be translated into other languages, reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, microcopying, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
Disclaimer: The statements, opinions and data contained in this publication are solely those of the individual authors and contributors and not of the publishers and the editor(s). The appearance of advertisements or/and product references in the publication is not a warranty, endorsement, or approval of the products or services advertised or of their effectiveness, quality or safety. The publisher and the editor(s) disclaim responsibility for any injury to persons or property resulting from any ideas, methods, instructions or products referred to in the content or advertisements.