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Eur Addict Res 1995;1:92–98

The Effects of Harm Reduction in Amsterdam

Buning E.a · van Brussel G.b

Author affiliations

aBureau International Affairs, Amsterdam Municipal Health Service (GG&GD), and bHead Drug Department GG&GD, Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Corresponding Author

Ernst Buning, Bureau International Affairs, Amsterdam Municipal Health Service (GG&GD), Nieuwe Achtergracht 100, NL-1018 WT Amsterdam (The Netherlands)

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The Amsterdam drug policy is based on prevention, drug-free treatment and harm reduction interventions. This article focusses on the last aspect. Harm reduction is defined as ‘If a drug user is not capable or willing to give up his drug use, he should be assisted in reducing the harm caused to himself and others.’ Two harm reduction interventions are described: the needle exchange schemes and the provision of methadone (low-threshold clinics, methadone bus, police stations and through general practitioners). Besides general indicators, such as estimated number of heroin addicts and their average age, results of more specific evaluation projects are discussed to examine the effects of harm reduction interventions. It is concluded that the policy was effective in managing the drug problem (stable number of addicts, low number of new young drug addicts, low mortality rate), but that effective measures against the HIV epidemic were taken too late. Furthermore, harm reduction interventions have not discouraged drug users from making use of drug-free treatment facilities.

© 1995 S. Karger AG, Basel

Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Special Topic Section: Harm Reduction

Published online: November 11, 2009

Number of Print Pages: 7
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 0

ISSN: 1022-6877 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9891 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/EAR

Copyright / Drug Dosage / Disclaimer

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Drug Dosage: The authors and the publisher have exerted every effort to ensure that drug selection and dosage set forth in this text are in accord with current recommendations and practice at the time of publication. However, in view of ongoing research, changes in government regulations, and the constant flow of information relating to drug therapy and drug reactions, the reader is urged to check the package insert for each drug for any changes in indications and dosage and for added warnings and precautions. This is particularly important when the recommended agent is a new and/or infrequently employed drug.
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