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Eur Addict Res 2013;19:222–226

Validation of the Four-Dimensional Structure of Drinking Motives among Adults

Crutzen R.a · Kuntsche E.b, c

Author affiliations

aDepartment of Health Promotion, Maastricht University/CAPHRI, Maastricht, and bBehavioural Science Institute, Radboud University Nijmegen, Nijmegen, The Netherlands; cSucht Schweiz, Research Institute, Lausanne, Switzerland

Corresponding Author

Rik Crutzen

Department of Health Promotion

Maastricht University/CAPHRI, PO Box 616

NL–6200 MD Maastricht (The Netherlands)

E-Mail Rik.Crutzen@maastrichtuniversity.nl

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Background: In the motivational model of alcohol use, there are two dimensions underlying the classification of drinking motives resulting in four drinking motive categories: enhancement, social, coping, and conformity motives. Methods: Using confirmatory factor analysis, the current study provides evidence on the best fitting factor structure in a large representative general population study among adults in the Netherlands (n = 2,440; two data waves separated by 3 months) using the DMQ-R (Drinking Motives Questionnaire Revised). Results: The four-factor structure had the best fit at both time points in comparison with any other solution. Test-retest reliabilities indicate individual motive change in level over time, but not in terms of the four-factor structure. Conclusion: The results replicate and extend previous findings among adolescents, in line with the motivational model of alcohol use, and suggest the utility of using the DMQ-R in future studies on adults’ drinking motives.

© 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel

Article / Publication Details

First-Page Preview
Abstract of Research Report

Received: August 06, 2012
Accepted: October 26, 2012
Published online: February 07, 2013

Number of Print Pages: 5
Number of Figures: 0
Number of Tables: 2

ISSN: 1022-6877 (Print)
eISSN: 1421-9891 (Online)

For additional information: http://www.karger.com/EAR

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