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The Chromosomes of Terraranan Frogs

Insights into Vertebrate Cytogenetics

Editor(s): Schmid M. (Würzburg) 
Bogart J.P. (Guelph, Ont.) 
Hedges S.B. (University Park, Pa.) 

Status: available   
Publication year: 2010
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‘To say it directly: This is an outstanding, exceptionally illustrated volume that probably escapes a critical and objective appraisal by one person. Leading experts in amphibian cytogenetics not only have summarized cytogenetic studies of nearly 40 years on terraranan frogs, an unranked taxon of tropical New World frogs with direct development and a tremendous radiation, but also presented herein for the first time the chromosomes of 129 species (of altogether 227 species available for this study, which is only a fraction of the >900 currently known species)….
Actually, this unique volume should be a must for everyone generally interested in karyotype evolution in amphibians, but also in vertebrates. It is a valuable source and an excellent basis for further investigations.’
Hartmut Greven, Düsseldorf (Acta Biologica Benrodis, Vol. 16, May 2013)
The most comprehensive, original and comparative cytogenetic study of vertebrates ever performed
'The Chromosomes of Terraranan Frogs' is the most comprehensive, original and comparative cytogenetic study of vertebrates ever performed, presenting results obtained over a 36-year period of more than 70 expeditions to the Neotropics (Central and South America and the Caribbean) and from several laboratories (Canada, Costa Rica, Cuba, Germany, USA, and Venezuela). The karyotypes and genomes of 227 recognized species and 2,548 individual specimens of Terrarana were examined using a variety of staining techniques, molecular probe in situ hybridization, and genome size measurements. Furthermore, all previously published data on the cytogenetics of Terrarana have been included. The karyotype characters were mapped onto the molecular phylogeny obtained by analyses of several mitochondrial and nuclear genes. This allowed reconstruction of the various karyophylogenies as well as calculation of the chromosomal mutation rates.
The results were always interpreted in context with the cytogenetic data published for other amphibian taxa or vertebrates. The general properties of eukaryote chromosomes, the rules governing structural and numerical chromosome repatterning as well as the principles of chromosome evolution are explained. An extensive ‘Material and Methods’ section was compiled with the intention of providing the necessary guidance for everyone interested in studying amphibian chromosomes.
This monograph provides detailed current and archival information on terraranan karyotypes and genomes to colleagues who are already recognized specialists in amphibian or vertebrate cytogenetics. It is also valuable reading for herpetologists involved in the evolution of neotropical amphibians and provides comprehensive insights into vertebrate cytogenetics for students.