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Authors, Editors, Reviewers

For Manuscript Submission, Check or Review Login please go to Submission Websites List.

Submission Websites List

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Fetal and Neonatal Research

Guidelines for Authors

Plagiarism Policy
Color Illustrations
SI Units
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Supplementary Material
Self-Archiving/Green Open Access, Author's ChoiceTM,
   Funding Organizations (NIH etc.)

Page Charges


Manuscripts written in English should be submitted online.

Should you experience any problems with your submission, please contact:

Angela Lorenz
Editorial Office 'Neonatology'
S. Karger AG
P.O. Box
CH–4009 Basel (Switzerland)
Tel. +41 61 306 1358
Fax +41 61 306 1434

All manuscripts must be accompanied by a cover letter and the copyright transfer statement with all authors' signatures (handwritten) confirming that they agree with the publication of the paper.

Names, postal and e-mail addresses of four international experts in the appropriate area of research should accompany each manuscript. Selected scientist(s) will be invited to act as referee(s). Referees suggested should not be from the same institution as the author and should have expert knowledge of the subject.

Manuscripts may be submitted to the following sections:
• Reviews
• Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses
• Original Papers
• Consensus Statements
• Short Communications
• Novel Insights from Clinical Practice
• Research Briefings
• Sources of Neonatal Medicine
• Letters to the Editor

Reviews/Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses
Most reviews are submitted upon invitation. However, the editors are open to unsolicited reviews. Authors planning such a review are requested to contact the Editorial Office with a one page outline of the intended review. All reviews are subject to peer review. Systematic reviews should be reported using the format of the Cochrane Neonatal Review Group (www.neonatal.cochrane.org/welcome).

Original Papers
Original articles should not exceed a printed length of five pages, i.e. generally not more than 2,500 words of text accompanied by not more than 4–6 figures or tables as well as approx. 25 references.

Original Papers - Clinical Trials
Reports of randomised clinical trials should conform with CONSORT guidelines (www.consort-statement.org/consort-statement).

Short Communications
Short reports, brief laboratory observations, and preliminary communications, can be submitted for accelerated publication under 'Short Communications'. To qualify for rapid publication, such reports should not exceed a printed length of two pages, i.e., generally not more than 1,400 words of text accompanied by 2 figures or tables and from 5 to 10 references.

Novel Insights from Clinical Practice (formerly Case Reports)
The publication space available for case reports is very limited. The journal only considers case reports with significant new insights or that present cases that may lead to changes in clinical practice, that stimulate further research or seem to contradict established facts. Highlighted boxes containing one or two bullet points on 'Established Facts' (what is already known) and 'Novel Insights' (what new information has been gained) are required and should be placed on the first page of the report. These should be selected so as to reinforce the novelty of the clinical observation. The manuscript should be presented with an abstract (unstuctured, max. 150 words), followed by introduction, case report and discussion. Maximum 2 figures or 2 tables or 1 figure and 1 table.


All manuscripts are subject to editorial review. Manuscripts are received with the explicit understanding that they are not under simultaneous consideration by any other publication. Submission of an article for publication implies the transfer of the copyright from the author to the publisher upon acceptance. Accepted papers become the permanent property of 'Neonatology' and may not be reproduced by any means, in whole or in part, without the written consent of the publisher. It is the author's responsibility to obtain permission to reproduce illustrations, tables, etc. from other publications.
For legal reasons, we must receive your 'Submission Statement' with your original (hand-written) signature. Please download, print, sign and either fax or scan it to make it legally binding.

Conflict of Interest: All forms of support, including that from drug companies, and any potential source of conflict of interest should be acknowledged in the cover letter to the editor when applicable. The statement will be printed at the end of the article.

Ethics: Published research must comply with the guidelines for human studies and animal welfare regulations. Authors should state that subjects have given their informed consent and that the study protocol has been approved by the institute's committee on human research. Further, they should also state that animal experiments conform to institutional standards.

Plagiarism Policy

Whether intentional or not, plagiarism is a serious violation. We define plagiarism as a case in which a paper reproduces another work with at least 25% similarity and without citation.
If evidence of plagiarism is found before/after acceptance or after publication of the paper, the author will be offered a chance for rebuttal. If the arguments are not found to be satisfactory, the manuscript will be retracted and the author sanctioned from publishing papers for a period to be determined by the responsible Editor(s).


Title page: The first page of each paper should indicate the title, the authors' names, the institute where the work was conducted, and a short title for use as running head.
Line numbering: Lines should be numbered (1, 2, 3, etc.) and displayed in the left margin of the manuscript (line numbering can be added from the Page Setup or Format menu of word processing programs). The line numbering should be continuous throughout the entire manuscript (i.e., do not begin numbering from 1 again at the top of each page).
Full address: The exact postal address of the corresponding author complete with postal code must be given at the bottom of the title page. Please also supply phone and fax numbers, as well as e-mail address.

Key words: Please supply 3–10 key words in English that reflect the content of the paper.

Abstract: Each paper needs an abstract of up to 250 words. It should be structured as follows:
   Background: What is the major motive that prompted the study?
   Objectives: What is the purpose of the study?
   Methods: How was the study done?
   Results: Most important findings
   Conclusions: Most important conclusions

Footnotes: Avoid footnotes.

Tables and illustrations: Tables and illustrations (both numbered in Arabic numerals) should be prepared on separate pages. Tables require a heading and figure legends should be supplied on a separate page. For technical reasons, figures with a screen background should not be submitted. When possible, group several illustrations on one block for reproduction (max. size 180 3 223 mm) or provide crop marks. Electronically submitted b/w half-tone and color illustrations must have a final resolution of 300 dpi after scaling, line drawings one of 800–1200 dpi. Figure files must not be embedded in a document file but submitted separately.

Color Illustrations

Online edition: Color illustrations are reproduced free of charge. In the print version, the illustrations are reproduced in black and white. Please avoid referring to the colors in the text and figure legends.

Print edition: Up to 6 color illustrations per page can be integrated within the text at CHF 960.00 per page.


In the text identify references by Arabic numerals [in square brackets]. Material submitted for publication but not yet accepted should be noted as ‘unpublished data’ and not be included in the reference list. The list of references should include only those publications which are cited in the text. Do not alphabetize; number references in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. The surnames of the authors followed by initials should be given. There should be no punctuation other than a comma to separate the authors. Please cite all authors. Abbreviate journal names according to the Index Medicus system. Also see International Committee of Medical Journal Editors: Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals (www.icmje.org). Consider using EndNote (http://endnote.com/downloads/styles).


(a) Papers published in periodicals: Bökenkamp R, DeRuiter MC, van Munsteren C, Gittenberger-de Groot AC: Insights into the pathogenesis and genetic background of patency of the ductus arteriosus. Neonatology 2010;98:6–17.

(b) Papers published only with DOI numbers: AlFaleh K, Anabrees J, Bassler D: Probiotics reduce the risk of necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants: a meta-analysis. Neonatology DOI: 10.1159/000235684.

(c) Edited books: Hausman GJ, Barb CR: Adipose tissue and the reproductive axis: biological aspects; in Levy-Marchal C, Pénicaud L (eds): Adipose Tissue Development: From Animal Models to Clinical Conditions. Endocr Dev. Basel, Karger, 2010, vol 19, pp 31–44.

(d) Monographs: Matthews DE, Farewell VT: Using and Understanding Medical Statistics, ed 4, revised. Basel, Karger, 2007.

SI Units

SI units should be used. Listings of SI units may be found in the following publications:

Lundberg GD, Iverson C, Radulescu G: Now read this: the SI units are here. JAMA 1986;255:2329–2339.

Young DS: Implementation of SI units for clinical laboratory data: style specifications and conversion tables. Ann Intern Med 1987;106:114–129.

International Bureau of Weights and Measures: The international system of units (SI). NBS Special Publication 330. Washington, US Department of Commerce, National Bureau of Standards, 1986.

International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry: Manual of symbols and terminology for physicochemical quantities and units. Pure Appl Chem 1979;51:1–41.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

S. Karger Publishers supports DOIs as unique identifiers for articles. A DOI number will be printed on the title page of each article. DOIs can be useful in the future for identifying and citing articles published online without volume or issue information. More information can be found at www.doi.org

Supplementary Material

Multimedia files and other supplementary files, directly relevant but not essential to the conclusions of a paper, enhance the online version of a publication and increase its visibility on the web. These files will undergo editorial review. The Editors reserve the right to limit the scope and length of the supplementary material. Multimedia and supplementary material should meet production quality standards for publication without the need for any modification or editing. Files should not exceed 10 MB in size. Figures and tables need to have titles and legends, and all files should be supplied separately and labeled clearly. All supplementary material should be referred to in the main text. A DOI number will be assigned to supplementary material and it will be hosted online at https://karger.figshare.com under a CC BY license. Authors will be charged a processing fee of CHF 250.00 for supplementary material.

Self-Archiving/Green Open Access

Karger permits authors to archive their pre-prints (i.e. pre-peer review) or post-prints (i.e. accepted manuscript after peer review but before production) on their personal or their institution’s internal website. In addition, authors may post their accepted manuscripts in public Open Access repositories and scientific networks (e.g. ResearchGate or Mendeley) no earlier than 12 months following publication of the final version of their article. For all self-archiving, the posted manuscripts must:

  • Be used for noncommercial purposes only
  • Be linked to the final version on www.karger.com
  • Include the following statement:

‘This is the peer-reviewed but unedited manuscript version of the following article: [insert full citation, e.g. Cytogenet Genome Res 2014;142:227–238 (DOI: 10.1159/000361001)]. The final, published version is available at http://www.karger.com/?doi=[insert DOI number].’

It is the author’s responsibility to fulfill these requirements.

For papers published online first with a DOI number only, full citation details must be added as soon as the paper is published in its final version. This is important to ensure that citations can be credited to the article.

Manuscripts to be archived in PubMed Central due to funding requirements will be submitted by Karger on the author’s behalf [see Funding Organizations (NIH etc.)].

For self-archiving Author's ChoiceTM (Gold Open Access) articles, see Author's ChoiceTM.

Author's ChoiceTM

Karger’s Author's ChoiceTM service broadens the reach of your article and gives all users worldwide free and full access for reading, downloading and printing at www.karger.com. The option is available for a one-time fee of CHF 3,000.00, which is a permissible cost in grant allocation. More information can be found at www.karger.com/authors_choice.
The final, published version of the article may be posted at any time and in any repository or on other websites, in accordance with the relevant Creative Commons license. Reposted Open Access articles must:

  • Follow the terms of the relevant Creative Commons license
  • Be linked to the final version on www.karger.com
  • Include the following statement:

‘The final, published version of this article is available at http://www.karger.com/?doi=[insert DOI number].’

It is the author’s responsibility to fulfill these requirements.

For papers published online first with a DOI number only, full citation details must be added as soon as the paper is published in its final version. This is important to ensure that citations can be credited to the article.

Funding Organizations (NIH etc.)

The U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) Public Access Policy mandates that accepted, peer-reviewed manuscripts are archived in its digital database, PubMed Central (PMC), within 12 months of the official publication date. As a service to authors, Karger submits NIH-funded articles to PMC on behalf of the authors immediately upon publication. The NIH assigns a PMCID within approximately 1 month and the manuscript will appear in PMC after a 12-month embargo. For authors making their paper Open Access through Author's ChoiceTM, the embargo will be overridden, thereby accelerating the accessibility of the article. Karger also complies with other funders’ requirements (including Wellcome Trust and RCUK) for submission to PMC.
Authors should include information on their grant in the Acknowledgements section of their papers.

Page Charges

A charge of CHF 60.00 per page will be levied for the first 3 printed pages of an article. Each additional complete or partial page will be charged to the author at CHF 325.00. 3 printed pages are equal to approx. 9 manuscript pages (including tables, illustrations and references).


Proofs are sent to the corresponding author and should be returned with the least possible delay.


Order forms and a price list are sent with the proofs. Orders submitted after the issue is printed are subject to considerably higher prices.