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Pathobiology

Exploring the Basis of Disease

Guidelines for Authors
www.karger.com/pat_guidelines

Aims and Scope
Submission
Sections
Conditions
Plagiarism Policy
Arrangement
Color Illustrations
References
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Supplementary Material
Self-Archiving/Green Open Access, Author's ChoiceTM,
   Funding Organizations (NIH etc.)

Page Charges
Electronic Proofs
Reprints



Aims and Scope

Pathobiology offers a valuable forum for high quality original research into the pathophysiological and pathogenetic mechanisms underlying human disease. Aiming to serve as a bridge between basic biomedical research and clinical medicine, the journal welcomes articles from scientific areas such as pathology, oncology, anatomy, virology, internal medicine, surgery, cell and molecular biology, and immunology. Published bimonthly, the journal features original research papers, reviews, short communications and editorials. Papers highlighting the clinical relevance of pathological data are encouraged. A special section will be devoted to reports on methodological improvements, and in the 'International Forum' section current or controversial issues will be discussed by specialists in the field.



Submission

Only original papers and reviews written in English are considered and should be submitted using the online submission website

Online Manuscript Submission

Should you experience any problems with your submission, please contact

Laetitia.Bourquin@unige.ch

Prof. Dr. Bettina Borisch
Centre Médical Universitaire
1, rue Michel-Servet
CH–1211 Genève 4 (Switzerland)



Sections

Authors should indicate in the cover letter which manuscript type is being submitted for publication:

Original Papers
Fully documented reports of original research that must describe full sets of interesting, original experiments in current research. An Abstract, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, and Discussion sections are required. Consideration for publication is based on originality, novelty, scientific soundness, and appropriate analysis. (Maximum 2,500 words, 80 references, plus tables/figures).

Reviews
Comprehensive, state-of-the-art papers covering a timely topic by experts in the field. Reviews are usually invited by the Editor but may be unsolicited. Authors are asked to contact the Editor-in-Chief before submission in order to avoid clashes with other pending reviews. All reviews are subject to peer-review. An abstract of no more than 200 words is required. (Maximum 4,000 words, plus tables/figures, references).

Novel Insights from Research Practice
The journal only considers case reports that provide significant new insights into a research problem or with an extremely unusual clinical course. Submissions can be based around a case or a number of similar cases. The most important aspect of the presentation is that it should provide a new perspective on a recognized research scenario or may represent an entirely new condition. The novel aspects of the
case(s) may be in the phenotype, the presentation, the investigation and/or the management. The manuscript should contain an unstructured abstract (max. 150 words), introduction, case report and discussion. Maximum 2 tables or figures. Boxes containing bullet points on 'Established facts' (what is already known) and 'Novel insights' (new information gained) are required on the first page of the report. These should highlight the novelty of the observation. "Novel Insights from Research Practice" should be no more than 2,500 words (including statements in the boxes) and should contain no more than 20 references.



Conditions

Manuscripts must be written in English, and are all subject to peer review. Manuscripts are received with the explicit understanding that they are not submitted for simultaneous consideration by any other publication. Submission of an article for publication implies the transfer of the copyright from the author to the publisher upon acceptance. Accepted papers become the permanent property of ‘Pathobiology’ and may not be reproduced by any means, in whole or in part, without the written consent of the publisher.
For legal reasons, we must receive your 'Submission Statement' with your original (hand-written) signature. Please download, print, sign and either fax or scan it to make it legally binding.
It is the author’s responsibility to obtain permission to reproduce illustrations, tables, etc. from other publications. For papers that are accepted for publication, manuscript copies and illustrations will not be returned to the authors. For papers that are rejected, only the set of original figures will be returned.



Plagiarism Policy

Whether intentional or not, plagiarism is a serious violation. We define plagiarism as a case in which a paper reproduces another work with at least 25% similarity and without citation.
If evidence of plagiarism is found before/after acceptance or after publication of the paper, the author will be offered a chance for rebuttal. If the arguments are not found to be satisfactory, the manuscript will be retracted and the author sanctioned from publishing papers for a period to be determined by the responsible Editor(s).



Arrangement

Title page: The first page of each paper should indicate the title, the authors’ names, and the institute where the work was conducted. A short title for use as running head as well as the full address of the author to whom correspondence should be sent are also required.

Full address: The exact postal address complete with postal code must be given at the bottom of the title page. Please also supply phone and fax numbers, as well as your e-mail address.

Key words: Please supply 3–10 key words in English that reflect the content of the paper.

Abstract: Each paper needs an abstract of up to 200 words structured with subheadings as follows: Objective(s), Methods, Results, Conclusion(s).

Footnotes: Avoid footnotes. When essential, they are numbered consecutively and typed at the foot of the appropriate page.

Tables and illustrations: Tables and illustrations (both numbered in Arabic numerals) should be prepared on separate sheets. Tables require a heading and figures a legend, also prepared on a separate sheet. For the reproduction of illustrations, only good drawings and original photographs can be accepted; negatives or photocopies cannot be used. Due to technical reasons, figures with a screen background should not be submitted. When possible, group several illustrations on one block for reproduction (max. size 180 x 223 mm) or provide crop marks. On the back of each illustration, indicate its number, the author’s name, and ‘top’ with a soft pencil. Electronically submitted b/w half-tone and color illustrations must have a final resolution of 300 dpi after scaling, line drawings one of 800-1200 dpi.



Color Illustrations

Online edition: Color illustrations are reproduced free of charge. In the print version, the illustrations are reproduced in black and white. Please avoid referring to the colors in the text and figure legends.

Print edition: Up to 6 color illustrations per page can be integrated within the text at CHF 960.00 per page.



References

In the text identify references by Arabic numerals [in square brackets]. Material submitted for publication but not yet accepted should be noted as ‘unpublished data’ and not be included in the reference list. The list of references should include only those publications which are cited in the text. Do not alphabetize; number references in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text. The surnames of the authors followed by initials should be given. There should be no punctuation other than a comma to separate the authors. Preferably, please cite all authors. Abbreviate journal names according to the Index Medicus system. Also see International Committee of Medical Journal Editors: Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals (www.icmje.org).

Examples

(a) Papers published in periodicals: Sun J, Koto H, Chung KF: Interaction of ozone and allergen challenges on bronchial responsiveness and inflammation in sensitised guinea pigs. Int Arch Allergy Immunol 1997;112:191–195.

(b) Papers published only with DOI numbers: Theoharides TC, Boucher W, Spear K: Serum interleukin-6 reflects disease severity and osteoporosis in mastocytosis patients. Int Arch Allergy Immunol DOI: 10.1159/000063858.

(c) Monographs: Matthews DE, Farewell VT: Using and Understanding Medical Statistics, ed 3, revised. Basel, Karger, 1996.

(d) Edited books: Parren PWHI, Burton DR: Antibodies against HIV-1 from phage display libraries: Mapping of an immune response and progress towards antiviral immunotherapy; in Capra JD (ed): Antibody Engineering. Chem Immunol. Basel, Karger, 1997, vol 65, pp 18–56.


Reference Management Software: Use of EndNote is recommended for easy management and formatting of citations and reference lists.



Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

S. Karger Publishers supports DOIs as unique identifiers for articles. A DOI number will be printed on the title page of each article. DOIs can be useful in the future for identifying and citing articles published online without volume or issue information. More information can be found at www.doi.org



Supplementary Material

Multimedia files and other supplementary files, directly relevant but not essential to the conclusions of a paper, enhance the online version of a publication and increase its visibility on the web. These files will undergo editorial review. The Editors reserve the right to limit the scope and length of the supplementary material. Multimedia and supplementary material should meet production quality standards for publication without the need for any modification or editing. Files should not exceed 10 MB in size. Figures and tables need to have titles and legends, and all files should be supplied separately and labeled clearly. All supplementary material should be referred to in the main text. A DOI number will be assigned to supplementary material and it will be hosted online at https://karger.figshare.com under a CC BY license. Authors will be charged a processing fee of CHF 250.00 for supplementary material.



Self-Archiving/Green Open Access

Karger permits authors to archive their pre-prints (i.e. pre-peer review) or post-prints (i.e. accepted manuscript after peer review but before production) on their personal or their institution’s internal website. In addition, authors may post their accepted manuscripts in public Open Access repositories and scientific networks (e.g. ResearchGate or Mendeley) no earlier than 12 months following publication of the final version of their article. For all self-archiving, the posted manuscripts must:

  • Be used for noncommercial purposes only
  • Be linked to the final version on www.karger.com
  • Include the following statement:

‘This is the peer-reviewed but unedited manuscript version of the following article: [insert full citation, e.g. Cytogenet Genome Res 2014;142:227–238 (DOI: 10.1159/000361001)]. The final, published version is available at http://www.karger.com/?doi=[insert DOI number].’

It is the author’s responsibility to fulfill these requirements.

For papers published online first with a DOI number only, full citation details must be added as soon as the paper is published in its final version. This is important to ensure that citations can be credited to the article.

Manuscripts to be archived in PubMed Central due to funding requirements will be submitted by Karger on the author’s behalf [see Funding Organizations (NIH etc.)].

For self-archiving Author's ChoiceTM (Gold Open Access) articles, see Author's ChoiceTM.


Author's ChoiceTM

Karger’s Author's ChoiceTM service broadens the reach of your article and gives all users worldwide free and full access for reading, downloading and printing at www.karger.com. The option is available for a one-time fee of CHF 3,000.00, which is a permissible cost in grant allocation. More information can be found at www.karger.com/authors_choice.
The final, published version of the article may be posted at any time and in any repository or on other websites, in accordance with the relevant Creative Commons license. Reposted Open Access articles must:

  • Follow the terms of the relevant Creative Commons license
  • Be linked to the final version on www.karger.com
  • Include the following statement:

‘The final, published version of this article is available at http://www.karger.com/?doi=[insert DOI number].’

It is the author’s responsibility to fulfill these requirements.

For papers published online first with a DOI number only, full citation details must be added as soon as the paper is published in its final version. This is important to ensure that citations can be credited to the article.


Funding Organizations (NIH etc.)

The U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) Public Access Policy mandates that accepted, peer-reviewed manuscripts are archived in its digital database, PubMed Central (PMC), within 12 months of the official publication date. As a service to authors, Karger submits NIH-funded articles to PMC on behalf of the authors immediately upon publication. The NIH assigns a PMCID within approximately 1 month and the manuscript will appear in PMC after a 12-month embargo. For authors making their paper Open Access through Author's ChoiceTM, the embargo will be overridden, thereby accelerating the accessibility of the article. Karger also complies with other funders’ requirements (including Wellcome Trust and RCUK) for submission to PMC.
Authors should include information on their grant in the Acknowledgements section of their papers.



Page Charges

There is no page charge for papers of 7 or fewer printed pages (including tables, illustrations and references). Each additional complete or partial page is charged to the author at CHF 325.00. 3 manuscript pages (including tables, illustrations and references) are equal to approximately one printed page.



Electronic Proofs

Unless indicated otherwise, proofs will be e-mailed to the corresponding author.



Reprints

Order forms and a price list are sent with the proofs. Orders submitted after the issue is printed are subject to considerably higher prices.